Waiting Lists

Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Although epidemiological studies have reported protective effects of religion and spirituality on mental health, it is unknown whether spirituality can be used as an intervention to improve psychological well-being. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a home study-based spirituality program on mood disturbance in emotionally distressed patients.

Author(s): 
Moritz, Sabine
Quan, Hude
Rickhi, Badri
Liu, Mingfu
Angen, Maureen
Vintila, Renata
Sawa, Russell
Soriano, Jeanette
Toews, John
Publication Title: 
JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation has been recognized as the best renal replacement therapy option for people with end stage renal disease. With an estimated 170,000 people waiting for a kidney transplant around the world and a limited supply of donor organs, the waiting time is often prolonged for many years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to examine the existing evidence of patients' experiences of living on dialysis and waiting for a renal transplant from a deceased donor.

Author(s): 
Burns, Tania
Fernandez, Ritin
Stephens, Moira
Publication Title: 
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis investigates the efficacy of exercise as a treatment for DSM-IV diagnosed anxiety disorders. METHODS: We searched PubMED and PsycINFO for randomized, controlled trials comparing the anxiolytic effects of aerobic exercise to other treatment conditions for DSM-IV defined anxiety disorders. Seven trials were included in the final analysis, totaling 407 subjects. The control conditions included non-aerobic exercise, waitlist/placebo, cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychoeducation and meditation.

Author(s): 
Bartley, Christine A.
Hay, Madeleine
Bloch, Michael H.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are physical symptoms for which no adequate medical explanation can be found after proper examination. The presence of MUPS is the key feature of conditions known as 'somatoform disorders'. Various psychological and physical therapies have been developed to treat somatoform disorders and MUPS. Although there are several reviews on non-pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders and MUPS, a complete overview of the whole spectrum is missing.

Author(s): 
van Dessel, Nikki
den Boeft, Madelon
van der Wouden, Johannes C.
Kleinstäuber, Maria
Leone, Stephanie S.
Terluin, Berend
Numans, Mattijs E.
van der Horst, Henriëtte E.
van Marwijk, Harm
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hypertension

OBJECTIVES: To assess systematically the clinical evidence of qigong for hypertension. METHODS: Databases were searched up to August 2006. All randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing qigong in patients with hypertension of any origin and assessing clinically relevant outcomes were considered. Trials using any type of control intervention were included. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by at least two reviewers. Methodological quality was evaluated using the Jadad score.

Author(s): 
Lee, Myeong Soo
Pittler, Max H.
Guo, Ruoling
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis is a major cause of pain and functional limitation. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of acupuncture for treating knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases to January 2007. No language restrictions were applied. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized trials longer than 6 weeks in duration that compared needle acupuncture with a sham, usual care, or waiting list control group for patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Author(s): 
Manheimer, Eric
Linde, Klaus
Lao, Lixing
Bouter, Lex M.
Berman, Brian M.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and metabolic dysregulation are associated with markers of accelerated cellular aging, including reduced telomerase activity and shortened telomere length. We examined whether participation in a mindfulness-based intervention, and, secondarily, improvements in psychological distress, eating behavior, and metabolic factors are associated with increases in telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Author(s): 
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Hecht, Frederick M.
Kristeller, Jean
Maninger, Nicole
Kuwata, Margaret
Bacchetti, Peter
Havel, Peter J.
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and metabolic dysregulation are associated with markers of accelerated cellular aging, including reduced telomerase activity and shortened telomere length. We examined whether participation in a mindfulness-based intervention, and, secondarily, improvements in psychological distress, eating behavior, and metabolic factors are associated with increases in telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Author(s): 
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Hecht, Frederick M.
Kristeller, Jean
Maninger, Nicole
Kuwata, Margaret
Bacchetti, Peter
Havel, Peter J.
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Transplantation: Official Journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons

Due to lengthening waiting lists for kidney transplantation, a debate has emerged as to whether financial incentives should be used to stimulate living kidney donation. In recent surveys among the general public approximately 25% was in favor of financial incentives while the majority was opposed or undecided. In the present study, we investigated the opinion of living kidney donors regarding financial incentives for living kidney donation. We asked 250 living kidney donors whether they, in retrospect, would have wanted a financial reward for their donation.

Author(s): 
van Buren, M. C.
Massey, E. K.
Maasdam, L.
Zuidema, W. C.
Hilhorst, M. T.
Ijzermans, J. N.
Weimar, W.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy

Self-criticism is a vulnerability risk factor for a number of psychological disorders, and it predicts poor response to psychological and pharmacological treatments. In the current study, we evaluated the efficacy of a loving-kindness meditation (LKM) programme designed to increase self-compassion in a sample of self-critical individuals. Thirty-eight individuals with high scores on the self-critical perfectionism subscale of the Dysfunctional Attitude Scale were randomized to an LKM condition (n?=?19) or a wait-list (WL) condition (n?=?19).

Author(s): 
Shahar, Ben
Szsepsenwol, Ohad
Zilcha-Mano, Sigal
Haim, Netalee
Zamir, Orly
Levi-Yeshuvi, Simi
Levit-Binnun, Nava

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