Warfare

Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

Although close associations between tinnitus and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among war veterans has been documented, there is limited research that explores evidence-based, efficacious interventions to treat the condition in this particular population. This article presents a case of three war veterans with PTSD symptoms who received a series of acupuncture treatments for tinnitus with positive outcomes.

Author(s): 
Arhin, Afua O.
Gallop, Kelly
Mann, Judith
Cannon, Sheila
Tran, Kimberly
Wang, Mei-Chuan
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physical Anthropology

The impact of stress on human health is a topic of wide-spread relevance and one that is particularly amenable to multidisciplinary investigation. Stress impacts both our psychological and physical health and, thus, may leave evidence on our psyche, our physical body and our genome. We are interested in the effect of extreme stressors, such as war, on health from the perspective of long-term and multigenerational effects. We integrate sociocultural, biological, and epigenetic data from the war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Author(s): 
Rodney, Nicole C.
Mulligan, Connie J.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Danubina

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a major health problem in South Eastern Europe (SEE). Available treatment options are not efficient enough and the course is often chronic. Little is known about molecular mediators and moderators of pathogenesis and therapy. Genetic and epigenetic variation may be one central molecular mechanism.

Author(s): 
Kulenovic, Alma Dzubur
Agani, Ferid
Avdibegovic, Esmina
Jakovljevic, Miro
Babic, Dragan
Kucukalic, Abdulah
Kucukalic, Sabina
Dzananovic, Emina Sabic
Mehmedbasic, Alma Bravo
Uka, Aferdita Goci
Haxhibeqiri, Shpend
Haxhibeqiri, Valdete
Hoxha, Blerina
Sinanovic, Osman
Kravic, Nermina
Muminovic, Mirnesa
Aukst-Margetic, Branka
Jaksic, Nenad
Franc, Ana Cima
Rudan, Dusko
Pavlovic, Marko
Babic, Romana
Bojic, Elma Feric
Marjanovic, Damir
Bozina, Nada
Ziegler, Christiane
Wolf, Christiane
Warrings, Bodo
Domschke, Katharina
Deckert, J¸rgen
Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

This article provides an account of how AndrÈ Hellegers, founder and first Director of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University, laid medicine open to bioethics. Helleger's approach to bioethics, as to morality generally and also to medicine and biomedical science, involved taking the "wider view" -- a value-filled vision that integrated and gave meaning to what otherwise was disparate, precarious, and conflicting.

Author(s): 
Reich, Warren Thomas
Publication Title: 
Orvostorteneti Kozlemenyek

Author attempted to collect all available medical data of the period of the reign of Mathias Corvinus (1443-1490) who ruled Hungary for 32 years. First part of this article outlines the general medical history of this era. In the 15th century the flourishing Kingdom of Hungary was inhabited by 3-3.2 million people. Under the rule of King Matthias epidemies were frequent visitors, plague e.g. was registered 11 times, while sudor anglicus once (in 1485). The ca. 120 hospitals of the era were founded mostly in towns and market-towns.

Author(s): 
Varjassy, PÈter
Publication Title: 
Family & Community Health

This article situates women's roles in community health care during violence in Uganda in the 1970s. It examines the lived reality of Catholic missionary sister nurses, midwives, and physicians on the ground where sisters administered health care to local communities. The goal is to examine how religious women worked with local individuals and families in community health during periods of violence and war. Catholic sisters claimed to be apolitical, yet their mission work widened to include political issues.

Author(s): 
Reckart, Madeline
Wall, Barbra Mann
Publication Title: 
Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

"Positive health," defined as a state beyond the mere absence of disease, was used as a model to examine factors for enhancing health despite extreme trauma. The study examined the United States' longest detained American prisoners of war, those held in Vietnam in the 1960s through early 1970s. Positive health was measured using a physical and a psychological composite score for each individual, based on 9 physical and 9 psychological variables. Physical and psychological health was correlated with optimism obtained postrepatriation (circa 1973).

Author(s): 
Segovia, Francine
Moore, Jeffrey L.
Linnville, Steven E.
Hoyt, Robert E.
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica

Freud saw war as the prevailing of death over love, this being a metapsychological concept whose roots lie in the dynamics of urges within the individual and civilisation in general. In his opinion, this dialectic tension could not be overcome. Reich noted that the analytic theory was in conflict with practice. Freud's premisses concerning the philosophy of civilisation and their implications have been taken up by Marcuse, who solves the conflict between the love-death urges by treating work as reduced to love or a game, in which death is merely the negative to be overcome.

Author(s): 
Comparato, S.
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

Many veterans treated for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) keep alive their war experiences because of their significance and meaning. For these veterans, combat was a positive as well as a negative experience. The authors suggest that many veterans suffer from PTSD because they are continuing to live out their war experiences and to hold onto the meaning of these experiences. Effective treatment requires these veterans to develop a competent peacetime self that incorporates the positive features of the warrior identity.

Author(s): 
Bradshaw, S. L.
Ohlde, C. D.
Horne, J. B.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

The "personal characteristics" and "extreme event" hypotheses have been proposed as alternative explanations for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among combat veterans. The person-event interaction model attempts to integrate both perspectives by hypothesizing that premilitary individual vulnerability characteristics play a greater role in influencing risk of PTSD or PTSD symptom severity at lower than at higher levels of exposure to traumatic combat stressors.

Author(s): 
McCranie, E. W.
Hyer, L. A.
Boudewyns, P. A.
Woods, M. G.

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