Water

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature for, and critically appraise, randomized controlled trials of any type of complementary and alternative therapies for labor pain. STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases were searched from their inception until July 2003. The inclusion criteria were that they were prospective, randomized controlled trials, involved healthy pregnant women at term, and contained outcome measures of labor pain. RESULTS: Our search strategy found 18 trials. Six of these did not meet our inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Huntley, Alyson L.
Coon, Joanna Thompson
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Intracutaneous or subcutaneous injection of sterile water is rapidly gaining popularity as a method of pain relief in labour and it is therefore essential that it is properly evaluated. Adequate analgesia in labour is important to women worldwide. Sterile water injection is inexpensive, requires basic equipment, and appears to have few side effects. It is purported to work for labour pain.

Author(s): 
Derry, Sheena
Straube, Sebastian
Moore, R. Andrew
Hancock, Heather
Collins, Sally L.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Most debates in science and the humanities that cannot be settled are not about truth, nor about data, but about beliefs and world views. Philippe Leick's comment on entanglement models of homeopathy are a good example. Because of this, no argument, however, convincing to some, will settle that debate. The only thing that can resolve it is a large cultural shift. My own ideas about non-local models, for a whole category of possibly similar events of which homeopathy is but one example.

Author(s): 
Walach, Harald
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To review the progress the author has made over the past 5 years in understanding coherence effects in water and living systems using quantum mechanical models. BACKGROUND: The implications of existing theoretical work on water are discussed. METHODS: Available techniques for the measurement of frequencies imprinted in water are described or referenced.

Author(s): 
Smith, Cyril W.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

In order to fully comprehend its therapeutic mode of action, homeopathy might require both 'local' bio-molecular mechanisms, such as memory of water and 'non-local' macro-entanglement, such as patient-practitioner-remedy (PPR) descriptions.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, L. R.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

We investigated whether water has a 'memory' for succussion compared to unsuccussed controls. The method is based on a bioassay using dinoflagellates. The duration of memory measured by this method is at least 10 min, and may be longer. The effect may be based upon solitons. A hypothesis about the mode of action of homeopathy may be experimentally investigated by this method.

Author(s): 
Tschulakow, A. V.
Yan, Y.
Klimek, W.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Several hypothesized explanations for homeopathy posit that remedies contain a concentration of discrete information-carrying units, such as water clusters, nano-bubbles, or silicates. For any such explanation to be sustainable, dilution must reduce and succussion must restore the concentration of these units. Succussion can be modeled by a logistic equation, which leads to mathematical relationships involving the maximum concentration, the average growth of information-carrying units rate per succussion stroke, the number of succussion strokes, and the dilution factor (x, c, or LM).

Author(s): 
Anick, David J.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Phenomena of long-term 'memory of water' imply that aqueous systems possessing it remain for a long period after the initial perturbation in an out-of equilibrium state without a constant supply of energy from the environment. It is argued here that various initial perturbations initiate development of a set of chain reactions of active oxygen species in water. Energy, in particular high grade energy of electronic excitation, released in such reactions can support non-equilibrium state of an aqueous system.

Author(s): 
Voeikov, Vladimir L.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Homeopathic medicines are currently used in medical practice, despite controversy about their effectiveness. The preparation method is based on extremely high dilutions of many substances in water, far beyond any detectable level. For this reason, it has been suggested that water could retain a 'memory' of substances that have been dissolved in it before the successive dilutions. The paper stresses the fact that this idea is not compatible with our knowledge of pure water.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Jose
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

This paper discusses the nature of the active ingredient of homeopathic ultramolecular dilutions in terms of quantitative physics. First, the problem of the nature of an active ingredient in ultramolecular dilutions is analysed leading to the recognition of the necessity of characterizing the active ingredient as a non-local quality. Second, non-locality in quantum mechanics, which is used as a paradigm, is formally presented. Third, a generalization of quantum mechanics is considered, focussing on the consequences of weakening of the axioms.

Author(s): 
Weingärtner, Otto

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