Western Australia

Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Educational Psychology

BACKGROUND: Connectedness to school is a significant predictor of adolescent health and academic outcomes. While individual predictors of connectedness have been well-described, little is known about school-level factors which may influence connectedness. A school's ecology, or its structural, functional, and built aspects, coupled with interpersonal interactions, may also help to enhance adolescent connectedness. AIM: This study aims to identify school ecological characteristics which predict enhanced connectedness in secondary school.

Author(s): 
Waters, Stacey
Cross, Donna
Shaw, Therese
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

The Youth AIDS and Drugs (YAD) Study is a study of young people who inject drugs, and their risk of the transmission of HIV through needle sharing and/or unsafe sex. One hundred and five people, aged less than 21, 75% of whom were current or recent injectors, undertook in-depth interviews which were tape recorded, transcribed and analysed qualitatively. This paper focuses on the ways in which the young people in the group attempted to manage the risk of needle sharing. Needle sharing in the study group was not common behaviour.

Author(s): 
Loxley, W.
Ovenden, C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Biosocial Science

There is increasing interest in the nature and biological significance of romantic love but few quantitative data are available for testing specific hypotheses. This paper describes the use of a survey instrument to assess incidence and duration of romantic attractions over a 2-year period amongst students (121 male; 162 female) progressing from school to university education. The results for males and females were similar and schooling single-sex or co-educational--had little effect.

Author(s): 
Bruce, N. W.
Sanders, K. A.
Publication Title: 
Qualitative Health Research

Heart transplantation is now routinely offered as a treatment for end-stage heart failure, and the "gift-of-life" metaphor has become pervasive in this context, forming the foundation on which transplantation discourses rest. In this article, we question organ-as-gift understandings of transplantation. One can also legitimately think of the transplanted organ as a donation, with distinct implications in terms of the transplantation experience for the recipient. We explored the transplantation experience of 13 heart recipients in Australia.

Author(s): 
O'Brien, Geraldine M.
Donaghue, Ngaire
Walker, Iain
Wood, Clare A.
Publication Title: 
Nutrients

There is a growing use of dietary supplements in many countries including China. This study aimed to document the prevalence of dietary supplements use and characteristics of Chinese pre-school children using dietary supplements in Australia and China. A survey was carried out in Perth, Western Australia of 237 mothers with children under five years old and 2079 in Chengdu and Wuhan, China. A total of 22.6% and 32.4% of the Chinese children were taking dietary supplements in Australia and China, respectively.

Author(s): 
Chen, Shu
Binns, Colin W.
Maycock, Bruce
Liu, Yi
Zhang, Yuexiao
Publication Title: 
Applied Radiation and Isotopes: Including Data, Instrumentation and Methods for Use in Agriculture, Industry and Medicine

Compliance testing is nominally that part of a quality assurance program dealing with those aspects of X-ray equipment performance that are subject to radiation control legislation. Quality assurance programs for medical X-ray equipment should be an integral part of the quality culture in health care.

Author(s): 
Hutchinson, D. E.
Cobb, B. J.
Jacob, C. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: Stress is a recognized variable in the diagnosis, management, and prognosis of musculoskeletal conditions; chiropractic care is reputed to be successful in the management of stress-related visceral conditions. It may be useful for chiropractors to include stress management as a clinical care option. OBJECTIVE: To explore screening tools to aid stress self-assessment, investigate patients' perceptions of stress management as a chiropractic care option, and examine which stress-management strategies chiropractic patients perceive as most useful.

Author(s): 
Jamison, J. R.
Publication Title: 
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine / Supported by the Australasian College of Physical Scientists in Medicine and the Australasian Association of Physical Sciences in Medicine

The impact of a formal compliance testing program has been evaluated three years post-implementation on a major teaching hospital (Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital) with 46 x-ray tubes located throughout 37 rooms. The mandatory program, implemented by the statutory authority in January 1997, called for all medical (including chiropractic and dental) equipment used in human diagnosis to be tested at prescribed frequencies using established protocols. The application of the required test methods demonstrated various non-compliance issues.

Author(s): 
Tuchyna, T.
Wilkinson, S.
Jacob, C. S.
Publication Title: 
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine / Supported by the Australasian College of Physical Scientists in Medicine and the Australasian Association of Physical Sciences in Medicine

The impact of a formal compliance testing program has been evaluated three years post-implementation on a major teaching hospital (Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital) with 46 x-ray tubes located throughout 37 rooms. The mandatory program, implemented by the statutory authority in January 1997, called for all medical (including chiropractic and dental) equipment used in human diagnosis to be tested at prescribed frequencies using established protocols. The application of the required test methods demonstrated various non-compliance issues.

Author(s): 
Tuchyna, T.
Wilkinson, S.
Jacob, C. S.
Publication Title: 
Australian Journal of Primary Health

This paper reports on an investigation into five risk prevention factors (technology, people, organisational structure, culture and top management psychology) to inform organisational preparedness planning and to update managers on the state of health care services. Data were collected by means of a 10-question, cross-sectional survey of key decision-making executives in eight different types of 75 health care organisations. Many organisations were found to have deficient risk prevention practices and allied health organisations were considerably worse than health organisations.

Author(s): 
Canyon, Deon V.

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