Workload

Publication Title: 
Journal of Family Nursing

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has long-lasting consequences not only for the individual with the injury but also for family members. The aim of this study is to elucidate the meaning of family members' experiences of living with an individual with moderate or severe TBI. The data have been collected by means of qualitative research interviews with 8 family member participants. A phenomenological hermeneutic interpretation (Ricouer, 1976) of the data reveal that family members struggle with their own suffering while showing compassion for the injured person.

Author(s): 
Jumisko, Eija
Lexell, Jan
Sˆderberg, Siv
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

A call by the Institute of Medicine to advance the cause of patient safety catalyzed the current focus on duty hours limits during resident education. Unrelated benefits to resident education have accrued from those efforts, but, despite rigorous study of the issue, there is little evidence of a positive impact on patient safety resulting from trainee duty hours adjustments. Moreover, the discussion has become worrisomely myopic in its singular preoccupation with the impact of postgraduate medical education duty hours on safe patient care.

Author(s): 
Pellegrini, Vincent D.
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

PURPOSE: A new internal medicine call structure was implemented at two teaching hospitals at the University of Toronto, Canada, in 2009, motivated by patient safety concerns, new duty hours regulations, and dissatisfaction among attending physicians. This study aimed to determine attendings', residents', and students' experiences with the new structure and to look carefully for unintended consequences.

Author(s): 
Stroud, Lynfa
Oulanova, Olga
Szecket, Nicolas
Ginsburg, Shiphra
Publication Title: 
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology

The present study aims to uncover the way daily job crafting influences daily job performance (i.e., task performance, altruism, and counterproductive work behavior). Job crafting was conceptualized as "seeking resources," "seeking challenges," and "reducing demands" and viewed as strategies individuals use to optimize their job characteristics. We hypothesized that daily job crafting relates to daily job demands and resources (work pressure and autonomy), which consequently relate to daily work engagement and exhaustion and ultimately to job performance.

Author(s): 
Demerouti, Evangelia
Bakker, Arnold B.
Halbesleben, Jonathon R. B.
Publication Title: 
West of England Medical Journal

Family doctors vary in the range of services they provide for their patients. Of 267 practices in Devon and Cornwall, 245 responded to a questionnaire sent in September 1989 asking for information about services to patients. Most doctors consulted at six to eight patients per hour, whether or not an appointment system operated. About two-thirds of patients had access to a female GP. Nine out of ten practices employed a practice nurse. Almost all offered a surgery on Saturday mornings. Most surgeries took the phone over at 8.30 a.m. in the week and started consulting at 9 a.m.

Author(s): 
Bradley, N.
Gude, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to evaluate the use of aromatherapy massage and music as an intervention to cope with the occupational stress and anxiety that emergency department staff experience. The study also aimed to compare any differences in results between a summer and winter 12-week massage plan. BACKGROUND: Emergency nurses are subjected to significant stressors during their work and it is known that workloads and patient demands influence the role stress has on nurses.

Author(s): 
Cooke, Marie
Holzhauser, Kerri
Jones, Mark
Davis, Cathy
Finucane, Julie
Publication Title: 
Addiction (Abingdon, England)
Author(s): 
Brooke, D.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing popularity of complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the professionals who provide them. Our objective was to describe the characteristics of the four largest groups of licensed CAM providers in the United States and to compare them with the characteristics of conventional physicians. METHODS: Random statewide samples of licensed acupuncturists, chiropractors, massage therapists, and naturopathic physicians living in Arizona, Connecticut, Massachusetts and Washington were interviewed by telephone.

Author(s): 
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Deyo, Richard A.
Sherman, Karen J.
Hart, L. Gary
Street, Janet H.
Hrbek, Andrea
Cramer, Elaine
Milliman, Bruce
Booker, Jennifer
Mootz, Robert
Barassi, James
Kahn, Janet R.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Eisenberg, David M.
Publication Title: 
Revista Española De Geriatría Y Gerontología

INTRODUCTION: This study analyzes the effects that a mindfulness development meditation program has on psychological discomfort and overload in main family caregivers of Alzheimer dementia patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental (group comparison) design with pretest/post-test/follow-up measurements was employed in an experimental and a control group. The evaluation instruments used were the SCL-90-R Questionnaire and the Caregiver Overload Scale.

Author(s): 
Franco, Clemente
Sola, María del Mar
Justo, Eduardo
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

BACKGROUND: Job stress among healthcare workers has received more attention in recent years, perhaps because these professionals are prime candidates for high stress levels. METHOD: The immediate effects of brief massage therapy, music relaxation with visual imagery, muscle relaxation, and social support group sessions were assessed in 100 hospital employees at a major public hospital. DESIGN: The effects of the therapies were assessed using a within-subjects pre-post test design and by comparisons across groups.

Author(s): 
Field, T.
Quintino, O.
Henteleff, T.
Wells-Keife, L.
Delvecchio-Feinberg, G.

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