Yin-Yang

Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

Scientists have long been interested in measuring external qi (EQ or wai qi) during qigong healing, and have produced a large body of literature over the past 20 years. This paper reviews the major research on measuring EQ in China and tries to help other researchers to get a picture on what has been done so as to eliminate the simple replication of already verified results.

Author(s): 
Chen, Kevin W.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

Traditionally, acupuncture is embedded in naturalistic theories that are compatible with Confucianism and Taoism. Such ideas as yin-yang, qi, dampness, and wind represent East Asian conceptual frameworks that emphasize the reliability of ordinary, human sensory awareness. Many physicians who practice acupuncture reject such prescientific notions. Numerous randomized, controlled trials and more than 25 systematic reviews and meta-analyses have evaluated the clinical efficacy of acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Publication Title: 
Versicherungsmedizin / Herausgegeben Von Verband Der Lebensversicherungs-Unternehmen e.V. Und Verband Der Privaten Krankenversicherung e.V

A host of alternative treatment methods are sold to us as reputable science on the "supermarket of naturopathy" nowadays. "Foot zone therapy", also known as "reflexology" is one of them. Advocates of reflexology claim that certain zones of the feet are linked to internal organs; that "energy forces" run throughout the human body. According to the teachings of Ayurveda and Yoga, a network of more than 72,000 nerve tracts (energy tracts = meridians) is linked to a single, tiny point on the feet, where the energy ends.

Author(s): 
Heide, M.
Heide, M. H.
Publication Title: 
Versicherungsmedizin / Herausgegeben Von Verband Der Lebensversicherungs-Unternehmen e.V. Und Verband Der Privaten Krankenversicherung e.V

A host of alternative treatment methods are sold to us as reputable science on the "supermarket of naturopathy" nowadays. "Foot zone therapy", also known as "reflexology" is one of them. Advocates of reflexology claim that certain zones of the feet are linked to internal organs; that "energy forces" run throughout the human body. According to the teachings of Ayurveda and Yoga, a network of more than 72,000 nerve tracts (energy tracts = meridians) is linked to a single, tiny point on the feet, where the energy ends.

Author(s): 
Heide, M.
Heide, M. H.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is difficult to cure. Many methods have been used for its treatment, among which traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been considered as an important strategy. All of the three parts of TCM: Chinese herbs, acupuncture, and massage have been reported with varying degrees of therapeutic effects on RA. Also the mechanism exploration is under process. Many effective ingredients of anti-rheumatic Chinese herbs have been found to inhibit RA development and some of the effective ingredients have been verified.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Peng
Li, Jun
Han, Yong
Yu, Xiao Wei
Qin, Ling
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how the effect of acupuncture treatment in recurrent cystitis relates to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) diagnostic categories and physiologic measurements. SETTING/LOCATION: Two private acupuncture clinics in Bergen, Norway. Measurements were carried out in Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen. DESIGN AND SUBJECTS: Ninety-eight (98) cystitis-prone women were randomly assigned to acupuncture treatment or no treatment. Main effect parameter was number of cystitis during 6 months observation time.

Author(s): 
Alraek, Terje
Baerheim, Anders
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a method for quantitative evaluation of yin and yang (yin and yang scores) in human subjects for the purposes of research. This method aims to classify subjects into groups allowing future quantitative testing of key research questions such as: do different groups of patients respond differently to acupuncture treatments or Chinese herb formulas? METHODS: In a pilot study of inter-rater reliability, 12 volunteers were each successively interviewed and examined by 6 acupuncturists on the same day.

Author(s): 
Langevin, Helene M.
Badger, Gary J.
Povolny, Bonnie K.
Davis, Robert T.
Johnston, Alexander C.
Sherman, Karen J.
Kahn, Janet R.
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Publication Title: 
Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA

To construct a digital model of Yin and Yang of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), computerized binary digital coding was used for decomposition and reconstruction of the theory of Yin and Yang, which proved to be a successful simulation of the major ingredients of the theory and suggested the possibility of digitalization of the fundamental theories in TCM.

Author(s): 
Qin, Jian-zeng
Chen, Bao-tian
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

This paper has made a distinction between the materialist concept of qi on the medical philosophical level and its substantial existence, and illustrated the materiality and multiplicity of qi. Materiality refers to the objective reality, a summation of various things or phenomena related to human beings; while multiplicity refers to diversity of specific substances, each holding its individual essence.

Author(s): 
Su, Zhan-Qing
Publication Title: 
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie

Current Western medical treatment lays its main emphasis on evidence-based medicine (EBM) and cure is assessed by quantifying the effects of treatment statistically. In contrast, in Chinese medicine, cure is generally assessed by evaluating the patient's "pattern" (Zheng) [cf. Glossary] and medicines are prescribed according to this. We believe that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) cannot be evaluated precisely according to Western principles, in which a constant amount of the same medicine is given to a group of patients to be evaluated.

Author(s): 
Seki, K.
Chisaka, M.
Eriguchi, M.
Yanagie, H.
Hisa, T.
Osada, I.
Sairenji, T.
Otsuka, K.
Halberg, F.

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