Tenderness Knowledge Grid


The Tenderness Knowledge Grid is a collaborative project exploring the relationship between positive human behavior, spirituality, and health.


NEW FEATURE: Interdisciplinary Scholar's Hub

   ISHAR is proud to launch the Integrative Scholar's Hub, an open-access platform for both researchers, practitioners, and volunteers to collaborate on projects across the spectrum of human knowledge.  In cooperation with numerous institutions who will be listing their projects within ISHAR, the Scholar's Hub offers users the ability to:

  • Create a profile that showcases their own projects
  • Add dozens of unique tags to your project description
  • Search an index of other scholars' work from multiple disciplines
  • Find out who else is working on a type of project
  • Collaborate, avoid duplication of work, work interdisciplinarily
  • Share full documents and messages
  • List yourself as a volunteer to assist research


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Sistrum Spirit
Profile Type: 
Research Topic: 
Oral Histories of Holy Women
Interested in Recruiting: 

We are a nonprofit group focused on the spiritual practices of women and feminine expressions of divinity. We are seeking to interview and record the life stories of women involved in these practices. We're looking to preserve the beliefs and life stories of curanderas, Voudoun priestesses, wise women, mystics, prophets, and nuns, to name a few.
Please contact us to set up an oral history interview. You will retain full access to the final interview and we do not charge anything for this work.

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ISHAR Expansion Underway

ISHAR Online is in the midst of a significant and comprehensive expansion, and we ask you to please be patient as we implement these changes.  The core functions of ISHAR should not be affected, but our website's appearance may temporarily suffer as we overhaul our features.  The functions we're excited to be introducing include:

  • Dynamic infographics showcasing the relative efficacy of different topics and approaches

  • Easy toggle filters to explore the mind-body-cultural facets of our many different topics


ISHAR & Evidence

Evidence-based inclusion standardsThe primary determining factor of whether something in included on ISHARonline.org is whether there is signficant evidence to present and discuss.  As a scholarly database, ISHAR is evidence-based and places a very high premium on being as objective as possible.  A common misconception is that Integrative Medicine is similar to Psuedoscience, and that both are outside the scope of science.  In fact, Integrative Medicine is a field of medical science, and the only scholarly difference between Orthodox Medicine and Integrative Medicine is that the former is supported by old evidence that is no longer debated, and the latter is supported by new evidence that is still being debated.  Pseudoscience, on the other hand, is made up of assertions with no supporting evidence.  

When a topic is researched, for example Ayurveda, we attempt to gather every reputable, peer-reviewed study that is publicly available about that topic, whether old or new.  ISHAR does not cherry pick or perform confirmation-biased searches, and our data crawling software is designed to automatically pick up any relevant studies.  This is because discussions about Integrative Medicine are too important to allow them to be dismissed as biased or lacking sound evidence.  ISHARonline.org is proof there are massive troves of evidence, and we include all of it; supporting, contradicting, and in between.  

ISHAR Predicted BMJ Findings on Medical Errors

Avoidable Medical ErrorsIn an instance where we would have been happy to be wrong, the British Medical Journal recently confirmed the risk that ISHAR highlighted over a year ago.  At that time ISHAR published an infographic comparing the relative risks of Integrative Medicine (CAM) and orthodox medical treatment.  After compiling a meta analysis of our own sources and other medical references, we were shocked to discover that orthodox medical treatment resulted in 272 times more avoidable deaths than the oft-maligned Integrative Medicine, even when adjusted per capita and using the most extreme claims against Integrative Medicine.

ISHAR to Speak at Foundations of Mind III

Foundations of Mind III

By Rikki Marquis

Selected for their exceptional work in the field of consciousness, several Directors from ISHAR have been invited to present their research at UC Berkeley’s upcoming conference, Foundations of Mind III: Science as if Being Mattered, May 18-20 2016.  FOM is one of the most important gatherings about consciousness theory in the world, and ISHAR is honored to be a part of the conference!










Explaining the nature of consciousness is one of the most important and perplexing areas of philosophy, but the concept is notoriously ambiguous. The abstract noun “consciousness” is not frequently used by itself in the contemporary literature, but is originally derived from the Latin con (with) and scire (to know). Perhaps the most commonly used contemporary notion of a conscious mental state is captured by Thomas Nagel’s famous “what it is like” sense (Nagel 1974). When I am in a conscious mental state, there is something it is like for me to be in that state from the subjective or first-person point of view. But how are we to understand this? For instance, how is the conscious mental state related to the body? Can consciousness be explained in terms of brain activity? What makes a mental state be a conscious mental state? The problem of consciousness is arguably the most central issue in current philosophy of mind and is also importantly related to major traditional topics in metaphysics, such as the possibility of immortality and the belief in free will. This article focuses on Western theories and conceptions of consciousness, especially as found in contemporary analytic philosophy of mind.

NEW TAB: New Features

New Features

ISHAR has installed a new tab that showcases the most exciting tools and resources on the website!  This section is set to coincide with the unveiling of ISHAR's new Integrative Culture wing and ISHAR's participation at the Parliament of the World's Religions.  Whether you are a new visitor or a seasoned user, check out this page to see ISHAR's tools outlined and consolidated!



Hypnosis is a state of human consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness and an enhanced capacity for response to suggestion.[1] Theories explaining what occurs during hypnosis fall into two groups. Altered state theories see hypnosis as an altered state of mind or trance, marked by a level of awareness different from the ordinary conscious state.[2][3] In contrast, Non-state theories see hypnosis as a form of imaginative role-enactment.[4][5][6]

During hypnosis, a person is said to have heightened focus and concentration. The person can concentrate intensely on a specific thought or memory, while blocking out sources of distraction.[7] Hypnotised subjects are said to show an increased response to suggestions.[8] Hypnosis is usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction involving a series of preliminary instructions and suggestions.[1] The use of hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as "hypnotherapy", while its use as a form of entertainment for an audience is known as "stage hypnosis".


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