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Publication Title: 
Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture

Survivors of torture and refugee trauma often have increased needs for mental and physical healthcare. This is due in part to the complex sequelae of trauma, including chronic pain, major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatization.

Longacre, McKenna
Silver-Highfield, Ellen
Lama, Puja
Grodin, Michael
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: To critically review the evidence on the effectiveness of complementary therapies for patients with RA. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, published in English up to May 2011, were identified using systematic searches of bibliographic databases and searching of reference lists. Information was extracted on outcomes and statistical significance in comparison with alternative treatments and reported side effects. The methodological quality of the identified studies was determined using the Jadad scoring system.

Macfarlane, Gary J.
Paudyal, Priya
Doherty, Michael
Ernst, Edzard
Lewith, George
MacPherson, Hugh
Sim, Julius
Jones, Gareth T.
Arthritis Research UK Working Group on Complementary and Alternative Therapies for the Management of the Rheumatic Diseases
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Headache and Pain

We present a theory according which a headache treatment acts through a specific biological effect (when it exists), a placebo effect linked to both expectancy and repetition of its administration (conditioning), and a non-specific psychological effect. The respective part of these components varies with the treatments and the clinical situations. During antiquity, suggestions and beliefs were the mainstays of headache treatment. The word placebo appeared at the beginning of the eighteenth century.

Autret, A.
Valade, D.
Debiais, S.
Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

Acupuncture and meditation are promising treatment options for clinical pain. However, studies investigating the effects of these methods on experimental pain conditions are equivocal. Here, the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and meditation on the submaximum effort tourniquet technique (SETT), a well-established, opiate-sensitive pain paradigm in experimental placebo research were studied.

Choi, Kyung-Eun
Musial, Frauke
Amthor, Nadine
Rampp, Thomas
Saha, Felix J.
Michalsen, Andreas
Dobos, Gustav J.
Publication Title: 
Hong Kong Medical Journal = Xianggang Yi Xue Za Zhi / Hong Kong Academy of Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To provide an understanding of Hong Kong registered nurses' personal and professional use of complementary and alternative medicine. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS: Registered nurses who were members of the Hong Kong College of Nursing were invited to participate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Demographic data of the respondents, prevalence of personal and professional use of complementary and alternative medicines, including their use for detailed clinical conditions. RESULTS: A total of 187 nurses participated in this study.

Xue, Charlie C. L.
Zhang, Anthony L.
Holroyd, Eleanor
Suen, Lorna K. P.
Publication Title: 
Revista Brasileira De Anestesiologia

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although acute and chronic pain are usually controlled with pharmacological interventions, 14 complementary methods of adjuvant and alternative analgesia (AAA) may reduce the abusive prescription of analgesics and the side effects that eventually compromise the patient's physiological status.

Vale, Nilton Bezerra do
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Although back pain is the most common reason patients use complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies, little is known about the willingness of primary care back pain patients to try these therapies. As part of an effort to refine recruitment strategies for clinical trials, we sought to determine if back pain patients are willing to try acupuncture, chiropractic, massage, meditation, and t'ai chi and to learn about their knowledge of, experience with, and perceptions about each of these therapies.

Sherman, Karen J.
Cherkin, Daniel C.
Connelly, Maureen T.
Erro, Janet
Savetsky, Jacqueline B.
Davis, Roger B.
Eisenberg, David M.
Publication Title: 
The Western Journal of Medicine

During spring 1996, random samples of adult primary care physicians, obstetrics-gynecology physicians and nurse practitioners, and adult members of a large northern California group practice model health maintenance organization (HMO) were surveyed by mail to assess the use of alternative therapies and the extent of interest in having them incorporated into HMO-delivered care. Sixty-one percent (n = 624) of adult primary care physicians, 70% (n = 157) of obstetrics-gynecology clinicians, and 50% (2 surveys, n = 1,507 and n = 17,735) of adult HMO members responded.

Gordon, N. P.
Sobel, D. S.
Tarazona, E. Z.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Most research on the impact of mind-body training does not ask about participants' baseline experience, expectations, or preferences for training. To better plan participant-centered mind-body intervention trials for nurses to reduce occupational stress, such descriptive information would be valuable. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous email survey between April and June, 2010 of North American nurses interested in mind-body training to reduce stress.

Kemper, Kathi
Bulla, Sally
Krueger, Deborah
Ott, Mary Jane
McCool, Jane A.
Gardiner, Paula
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Touch Healing (TH) therapies, defined here as treatments whose primary route of administration is tactile contact and/or active guiding of somatic attention, are ubiquitous across cultures. Despite increasing integration of TH into mainstream medicine through therapies such as Reiki, Therapeutic Touch,(TM) and somatically focused meditation practices such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, relatively little is known about potential underlying mechanisms. Here, we present a neuroscientific explanation for the prevalence and effectiveness of TH therapies for relieving chronic pain.

Kerr, Catherine E.
Wasserman, Rachel H.
Moore, Christopher I.