OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect and methodological quality of clinically randomized controlled studies on abdominal acupuncture therapy for cervical spondylosis and to make out its current situation, validity and applicability.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
The reports of clinical randomized controlled trial (RCT) that takes abdominal acupuncture as main treatment are arranged in order to summarize its advantage diseases at current stage. Up to May 1st, 2012, 107 reports that meet the inclusion criteria are collected by computer retrieval in CBM database, CNKI, VIP, Wan fang database, PubMed, Embase and manual retrieval in outdated issue database of Guangzhou University of CM. Diseases that has better efficacy by abdominal acupuncture are summarized.
INTRODUCTION: Electroencephalographic monitoring is one of the techniques used to measure hypnosis during anesthesia. Efforts to find a means to apply this monitoring function are justified by cases of intraoperative awakening and are in the interest of guaranteeing patient welfare and controlling anesthesia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in two electroencephalographic parameters, the bispectral index (BIS) and the spectral edge frequency 90 (SEF90), during the different phases of anesthesia. Patients and method.
Bloating is a frequently reported symptom in functional bowel disorders. It usually occurs in combination with other symptoms, but may also occur in isolation. The severity of bloating tends to worsen during the course of the day and improves overnight. Although frequently considered to be a subjective phenomenon, recent studies have shown that bloating is associated with a measurable increase in abdominal girth. The pathophysiology of bloating remains elusive, but the evidence supports a sensorimotor dysfunction of the bowel.
AIM: The purpose of this study was to test the safety and efficacy of small doses of remifentanil and alfentanil in a continuous total intravenous anesthesia technique for patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled in the study, and received in a double blind fashion either remifentanil (0.1 microg/kg/min) or alfentanil (alfentanil 0.75 microg/kg/min) in association with propofol (12 mg/kg/h at induction; 6-9 mg/kg/h for maintenance) and cisatracurium.
BACKGROUND: The main objectives of premedication in children are to facilitate the separation from the parents, to reduce preoperative anxiety, to smooth the induction of anesthesia and to lower the risk of postoperative behavioral disorders. The most common technique is sedative premedication with midazolam. Hypnosis enables a state of relaxation to be achieved and has never been evaluated as a premedication technique. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of hypnosis on anxiety and perioperative behavioral disorders versus midazolam.
Neurogastroenterology and Motility: The Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Abdominal bloating is an extremely common symptom affecting up to 96% of patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders and even 30% of the general population. To date bloating has often been viewed as being synonymous with an actual increase in abdominal girth, but recent evidence suggests that this is not necessarily the case.
Bloating is a common symptom, especially in women. In the clinical practice, it remains a therapeutic challenge. Since recently, its pathophysiology is better understood: an impaired transit of gas (particularly in the small bowel) or a visceral hypersensitivity leading to the induction of an abdominal discomfort despite a normal volume of gas are two of the main causes, far more frequent than an excessive production of gas.
BACKGROUND: This study describes the design of a hypnosis closed-loop control system with propofol. The controller used a proportional-integral (PI) algorithm with the bispectral index (BIS) as the feedback signal. Our hypothesis was that a PI closed-loop control could be applied in clinical practice safely keeping the BIS within a pre-determined target range. METHODS: The adjustment of the PI parameters was based on simulation.