Administration, Cutaneous

Publication Title: 
Pharmacotherapy

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria are a common cause of hospital- and community-acquired infections. Persons may have asymptomatic colonization with MRSA in the nares, axillae, perineum, or groin. Since MRSA colonization often precedes infection, and infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, there is great interest in preventing the transmission of MRSA and decolonizing persons who harbor these bacteria. We provide an evidence-based review of MRSA decolonization agents.

Author(s): 
McConeghy, Kevin W.
Mikolich, Dennis J.
LaPlante, Kerry L.
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema is the commonest inflammatory skin disease of childhood, affecting 15-20% of children in the UK at any one time. Adults make up about one-third of all community cases. Moderate-to-severe atopic eczema can have a profound effect on the quality of life for both sufferers and their families.

Author(s): 
Hoare, C.
Li Wan Po, A.
Williams, H.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

OBJECTIVES: To investigate transdermal absorption enhancement of gel containing elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid in the semipurified fraction isolated from Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) galls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nonelastic and elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid in pure form or in the semipurified fraction were developed. Rat skin permeation by vertical Franz diffusion cells of gallic acid from various gel formulations containing elastic niosomes loaded with gallic acid or the semipurified fraction was performed.

Author(s): 
Manosroi, Aranya
Jantrawut, Pensak
Akazawa, Hiroyuki
Akihisa, Toshihiro
Manosroi, Worapaka
Manosroi, Jiradej
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: The galls of Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) frequently appear in many Thai Lanna medicinal plant recipes for promotion of longevity. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the skin anti-aging of gel containing niosomes loaded with a semi-purified fraction containing gallic acid from T. chebula galls. METHOD: The semi-purified fraction containing phenolic compounds including gallic acid isolated from T.

Author(s): 
Manosroi, Aranya
Jantrawut, Pensak
Akihisa, Toshihiro
Manosroi, Worapaka
Manosroi, Jiradej
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to formulate a water-in-oil emulsion (formulation) of Terminalia chebula versus its vehicle (base) as control, and investigate its effects on skin melanin, skin erythema, skin moisture content, and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Base containing no active material, and formulation containing 5% concentrated extract of T. chebula, were developed. Different stability parameters were monitored at 8, 25, and 40 °C, as well as 40 °C + 75% relative humidity, for a period of 4 weeks.

Author(s): 
Akhtar, Naveed
Khan, Ali B.
Muhammad, Said
Ahmed, Mahmood
Khan, Haji M. Shoaib
Rasool, Fatima
Saeed, Tariq
Publication Title: 
Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, England)

BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema is the commonest inflammatory skin disease of childhood, affecting 15-20% of children in the UK at any one time. Adults make up about one-third of all community cases. Moderate-to-severe atopic eczema can have a profound effect on the quality of life for both sufferers and their families.

Author(s): 
Hoare, C.
Li Wan Po, A.
Williams, H.
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Author(s): 
Batra, Anil
Pfeiffer, Heidrun
Goliasch, Thomas
Müller, Christoph
Slotty, Claus
Ladiges, Ottfried
Publication Title: 
Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco

The purpose of this study was to determine whether hypnosis would be more effective in helping smokers quit than standard behavioral counseling when both interventions are combined with nicotine patches (NP). A total of 286 current smokers were enrolled in a randomized controlled smoking cessation trial at the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Participants in both treatment conditions were seen for two 60-min sessions, and received three follow-up phone calls and 2 months of NP.

Author(s): 
Carmody, Timothy P.
Duncan, Carol
Simon, Joel A.
Solkowitz, Sharon
Huggins, Joy
Lee, Sharon
Delucchi, Kevin
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of ylang ylang oil (Cananga odorata, Annonaceae) on human physiological parameters and self-evaluation after transdermal absorption. Forty healthy volunteers participated in the experiments. Physiological parameters recorded were skin temperature, pulse rate, breathing rate and blood pressure. Self-evaluation was assessed by means of visual analog scales (VAS). The ylang ylang oil caused a significant decrease of blood pressure and a significant increase of skin temperature.

Author(s): 
Hongratanaworakit, Tapanee
Buchbauer, Gerhard
Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

The climacteric is not an illness, but the menopause is an event that troubles a woman's present life and puts her future life at risk. One would like to think that, for the woman of the new millennium, the menopause has simply become what it is: a feminine milestone that marks the transition and path to another period of life. She appears younger than her mother was at her age, she has given birth when she decided to, she has had the number of children she wanted, and her social and professional roles are well defined.

Author(s): 
Lachowsky, M.

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