Adolescent Development

Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Low birth weight (LBW) and hypoxia are among the environmental factors most reliably associated with schizophrenia; however, the nature of this relationship is unclear and both gene-environment interaction and gene-environment covariation models have been proposed as explanations. High-risk (HR) designs that explore whether obstetric complications differentially predict outcomes in offspring at low risk (LR) vs HR for schizophrenia, while accounting for differences in rates of maternal risk factors, may shed light on this question.

Author(s): 
Forsyth, Jennifer K.
Ellman, Lauren M.
Tanskanen, Antti
Mustonen, Ulla
Huttunen, Matti O.
Suvisaari, Jaana
Cannon, Tyrone D.
Publication Title: 
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

This article provides a selective review of the neuroscience and child-psychoanalytic literature, focusing on areas of significant overlap and emphasizing comprehensive theories in developmental neuroscience and child psychoanalysis with testable mechanisms of action.

Author(s): 
Protopopescu, Xenia
Gerber, Andrew J.
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)

Environmental stressors during childhood and adolescence influence postnatal brain maturation and human behavioral patterns in adulthood. Accordingly, excess stressors result in adult-onset neuropsychiatric disorders. We describe an underlying mechanism in which glucocorticoids link adolescent stressors to epigenetic controls in neurons.

Author(s): 
Niwa, Minae
Jaaro-Peled, Hanna
Tankou, Stephanie
Seshadri, Saurav
Hikida, Takatoshi
Matsumoto, Yurie
Cascella, Nicola G.
Kano, Shin-ichi
Ozaki, Norio
Nabeshima, Toshitaka
Sawa, Akira
Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Health Care: For Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community

Rapid social change has seen increasing numbers of woman-headed single-parent families, meaning that more and more children are growing up without a father resident in the home. Father absence is a term that is not well defined and much of the literature does not discriminate between father absence due to death, parental relationship discord or other causes. This article presents a critical review of the extant literature on father absence, particularly as it relates to adolescent well-being and development.

Author(s): 
East, Leah
Jackson, Debra
O'Brien, Louise
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Romantic relationships are a normative developmental experience in adolescence. Although many prominent developmental theories recognize their importance in helping to form the foundations for future healthy adult relationships, empirical research has not progressed at an expected pace, and there remain many gaps in our knowledge base. Existing research suggests that, regardless of their duration, adolescent romances are salient emotional experiences with significant adjustment implications, both positive and negative.

Author(s): 
Grover, Rachel L.
Nangle, Douglas W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Heterosocial interactions, or social interactions with other-sex peers, are theorized to serve a number of unique developmental functions for adolescents (e.g., companionship, intimacy, experimentation with sex-role behaviors and sexual activity). Yet despite the importance of heterosocial competence in adolescent social development, there exists little research on the construct. Early research, although informative, reflects a narrow focus on heterosocial anxiety associated with date initiation situations.

Author(s): 
Grover, Rachel L.
Nangle, Douglas W.
Serwik, Agnieszka
Zeff, Karen R.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

Growing up with Asperger's disorder is complex and fraught with difficulty. Although the literature includes some research related to the transition of youth with Asperger's disorder to school and employment, none pertains to the transition to adulthood and independent living. Although a marginal number of young adults with Asperger's disorder eventually achieve independence, many of them continue to depend on families for supportive services.

Author(s): 
Lawrence, Diane H.
Alleckson, Delores A.
Bjorklund, Pamela
Publication Title: 
Developmental Psychology

In this longitudinal study, a quantitative and qualitative examination of the associations among parent-child relations, adult attachment styles, and relationship quality and theme in romantic narratives was conducted. Parenting and adult attachment style were assessed through questionnaires, whereas overall quality of romantic relationships (regard and importance), intimacy, and romantic story theme were examined with a life story approach (McAdams, 1993).

Author(s): 
Nosko, Amanda
Tieu, Thanh-Thanh
Lawford, Heather
Pratt, Michael W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Research has consistently demonstrated the negative consequences of depression on adolescents' functioning in peer and family relationships, but little work has examined how depressive symptoms affect the quality of adolescents' and emerging adults' romantic relationships. Five waves of data on depressive symptoms, romantic relationship conflict, and use of positive problem solving were collected from 188 boys and girls during middle adolescence to emerging adulthood.

Author(s): 
Vujeva, Hana M.
Furman, Wyndol
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder occurring in young patients in the most productive period of their lives. Little is known about the effect on the developmental trajectory of adolescents growing up with IBD. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychosocial developmental trajectory ("course of life") and sociodemographic outcomes in adolescents with IBD compared with peers from the general population.

Author(s): 
Hummel, Thalia Z.
Tak, Eline
Maurice-Stam, Heleen
Benninga, Marc A.
Kindermann, Angelika
Grootenhuis, Martha A.

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