Adult

Publication Title: 
PloS One

Poor health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) is a significant public health issue while the use of meditative movement therapies has been increasing. The purpose of this investigation was to carry out a systematic review of previous meta-analyses that examined the effects of meditative movement therapies (yoga, tai chi and qigong) on HRQOL in adults. Previous meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials published up through February, 2014 were included by searching nine electronic databases and cross-referencing. Dual-selection and data abstraction occurred.

Author(s): 
Kelley, George A.
Kelley, Kristi S.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Eating Disorders

OBJECTIVE: Understanding the factors that predict a favourable outcome following specialist treatment for an eating disorder may assist in improving treatment efficacy, and in developing novel interventions. This review and meta-analysis examined predictors of treatment outcome and drop-out. METHOD: A literature search was conducted to identify research investigating predictors of outcome in individuals treated for an eating disorder. We organized predictors first by statistical type (simple, meditational, and moderational), and then by category.

Author(s): 
Vall, Eva
Wade, Tracey D.
Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In 2008, the lack of published evidence prevented the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders (Neck Pain Task Force [NPTF]) from commenting on the effectiveness of psychological interventions for the management of neck pain. PURPOSE: This study aimed to update findings of the NPTF and evaluate the effectiveness of psychological interventions for the management of neck pain and associated disorders (NAD) or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This study used systematic review and best-evidence synthesis.

Author(s): 
Shearer, Heather M.
Carroll, Linda J.
Wong, Jessica J.
Côté, Pierre
Varatharajan, Sharanya
Southerst, Danielle
Sutton, Deborah A.
Randhawa, Kristi A.
Yu, Hainan
Mior, Silvano A.
van der Velde, Gabrielle M.
Nordin, Margareta C.
Stupar, Maja
Taylor-Vaisey, Anne L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Malignant neoplasms of the lymphoid or myeloid cell lines including lymphoma, leukaemia and myeloma are referred to as haematological malignancies. Complementary and alternative treatment options such as meditation practice or yoga are becoming popular by treating all aspects of the disease including physical and psychological symptoms. However, there is still unclear evidence about meditation's effectiveness, and how its practice affects the lives of haematologically-diseased patients.

Author(s): 
Salhofer, Ines
Will, Andrea
Monsef, Ina
Skoetz, Nicole
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

To understand the role and efficacy of yoga in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus, this meta-analysis was conducted. Electronic data bases searched were PubMed/Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, IndMED, CENTRAL, Cochrane library, CamQuest and CamBase till December 17, 2014. Eligible outcomes were fasting blood sugar (FBS), post prandial blood sugar (PPBS) and glycosylated haemoglobin (HBA1C). Randomized controlled trials and controlled trials were eligible. Studies focussing only on relaxation or meditation or multimodal intervention were not included.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Vinod
Jagannathan, Aarti
Philip, Mariamma
Thulasi, Arun
Angadi, Praveen
Raghuram, Nagarathna
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that up to 75% of cancer survivors may experience cognitive impairment as a result of cancer treatment and given the increasing size of the cancer survivor population, the number of affected people is set to rise considerably in coming years. There is a need, therefore, to identify effective, non-pharmacological interventions for maintaining cognitive function or ameliorating cognitive impairment among people with a previous cancer diagnosis.

Author(s): 
Treanor, Charlene J.
McMenamin, Una C.
O'Neill, Roisin F.
Cardwell, Chris R.
Clarke, Mike J.
Cantwell, Marie
Donnelly, Michael
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is an infectious virus affecting both humans and animals. In humans, symptoms present as fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, muscle and joint pain, and malaise. The epidemiological profile of influenza is influenced by multiple factors, including transmissibility of the virus and the susceptibility of the population. Annually, influenza is estimated to infect 5% to 10% of adults, with higher rates in winter seasons in countries with seasonal variation.

Author(s): 
Grande, Antonio Jose
Reid, Hamish
Thomas, Emma E.
Nunan, David
Foster, Charles
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hypertension

OBJECTIVES: We meta-analyzed the effect of meditation on blood pressure (BP), including both transcendental meditation and non-transcendental meditation interventions. METHODS: We identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the BP responses to meditation interventions through a systematic literature search of the PubMed, ABI/INFORM, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases (from January 1980 to October 2015). We meta-analyzed the change in SBP and DBP, stratified by type of meditation (transcendental meditation vs.

Author(s): 
Shi, Lu
Zhang, Donglan
Wang, Liang
Zhuang, Junyang
Cook, Rebecca
Chen, Liwei
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate evidence for the effect of yoga on menstrual disorders. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL/MEDLINE, Web of Science, AMED, and Scopus were searched for English-language literature relevant to the review question. All primary research studies were included. RESULTS: Fifteen studies described in 18 papers were included in the review. A range of yoga interventions were used. Some studies used a combination of Asana, Pranayama, and other yogic relaxation or meditation techniques.

Author(s): 
Oates, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Neck pain is common, disabling and costly. Exercise is one treatment approach. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of exercises to improve pain, disability, function, patient satisfaction, quality of life and global perceived effect in adults with neck pain. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, MANTIS, ClinicalTrials.gov and three other computerized databases up to between January and May 2014 plus additional sources (reference checking, citation searching, contact with authors).

Author(s): 
Gross, Anita
Kay, Theresa M.
Paquin, Jean-Philippe
Blanchette, Samuel
Lalonde, Patrick
Christie, Trevor
Dupont, Genevieve
Graham, Nadine
Burnie, Stephen J.
Gelley, Geoff
Goldsmith, Charles H.
Forget, Mario
Hoving, Jan L.
Brønfort, Gert
Santaguida, Pasqualina L.
Cervical Overview Group

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