Clinical Protocols

Publication Title: 
BMC psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for maltreated children are impeded by gaps in our knowledge of the etiopathogenic mechanisms leading from maltreatment to mental disorders. Although some studies have already identified individual risk factors, there is a lack of large-scale multilevel research on how psychosocial, neurobiological, and genetic factors act in concert to modulate risk of internalizing psychopathology in childhood following maltreatment. To help close this gap, we aim to delineate gender-specific pathways from maltreatment to psychological disorder/resilience.

Author(s): 
White, Lars O.
Klein, Annette M.
Kirschbaum, Clemens
Kurz-Adam, Maria
Uhr, Manfred
M¸ller-Myhsok, Bertram
Hoffmann, Katrin
Sierau, Susan
Michel, Andrea
Stalder, Tobias
Horlich, Jenny
Keil, Jan
Andreas, Anna
Resch, Leonhard
Binser, Martin J.
Costa, Anna
Giourges, Elena
Neudecker, Eva
Wolf, Christiane
Scheuer, Sandra
Ising, Marcus
von Klitzing, Kai
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a disease with tremendous individual, family, and societal impact across all race/ethnic groups. Mexican Americans, the largest subgroup of Hispanic Americans, are at even higher risk of stroke than European Americans. AIM: To test the effectiveness of a culturally sensitive, church-based, multi-component, motivational enhancement intervention for Mexican Americans and European Americans in reducing stroke risk factors.

Author(s): 
Brown, Devin L.
Conley, Kathleen M.
Resnicow, Kenneth
Murphy, Jillian
S·nchez, Brisa N.
Cowdery, Joan E.
Sais, Emma
Lisabeth, Lynda D.
Skolarus, Lesli E.
Zahuranec, Darin B.
Williams, Geoffrey C.
Morgenstern, Lewis B.
Publication Title: 
Progres En Urologie: Journal De l'Association Francaise D'urologie Et De La Societe Francaise D'urologie

Despite considerable progress, the treatment of erectile insufficiency is often difficult due to its usually multifactorial aetiology and to the fact that the 3 components of a satisfying sex life are: 1) Sufficient penile rigidity with no other associated sexual dysfunction, 2) an adapted mental state, 3) a loving relationship with the partner. All of these parameters must be taken into account to ensure a lasting success, hence the need for a global approach rather than an approach localized to the organ.

Author(s): 
Bondil, P.
BlachËre, P.
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Couples-based HIV counseling and testing (CHCT) is a proven strategy to reduce the risk of HIV transmission between partners, but uptake of CHCT is low. We describe the study design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to increase participation in CHCT and reduce sexual risk behavior for HIV among heterosexual couples in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. We hypothesize that the rate of participation in CHCT will be higher and sexual risk behavior will be lower in the intervention group as compared to the control.

Author(s): 
Darbes, Lynae A.
van Rooyen, Heidi
Hosegood, Victoria
Ngubane, Thulani
Johnson, Mallory O.
Fritz, Katherine
McGrath, Nuala
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), a chronic childhood onset posttraumatic stress disorder, is currently recognized as a treatable condition. It is considered the paradigmatic dissociative condition and carries with it extreme posttraumatic symptomatology. Therapists skilled in the treatment of DID are typically fluent in the uses of hypnosis for stabilization, affect management, building a safe place and grounding to name of few. EMDR, which has come to the forefront of clinical awareness in the last ten years, seems aptly suited for the treatment of trauma, but can be destabilizing.

Author(s): 
Fine, C. G.
Berkowitz, A. S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice

BACKGROUND: Sexual problems are common but infrequently diagnosed. They are classified into four major categories: (1) sexual desire disorders, (2) sexual arousal disorders, (3) orgasmic disorders, and (4) sexual pain disorders. METHODS: MEDLINE files from 1966 to the present were searched using the specific sexual dysfunctions as key words along with the general key word "sexual dysfunction" to review the published literature. Additional articles came from the reference lists of dysfunction-specific reviews.

Author(s): 
Halvorsen, J. G.
Metz, M. E.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

This paper describes four specific clinical applications of hypnosis that can make psychotherapy for pain management briefer, more goal-oriented, and more efficient: (1) the assessment of hypnotizability; (2) the induction of hypnotic analgesia and development of individualized pain coping strategies; (3) direct suggestion, cognitive reframing, hypnotic metaphors, and pain relief imagery; and (4) brief psychodynamic reprocessing during the trance state of emotional factors in the patient's experience of chronic pain.

Author(s): 
Eimer, B. N.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), a chronic childhood onset posttraumatic stress disorder, is currently recognized as a treatable condition. It is considered the paradigmatic dissociative condition and carries with it extreme posttraumatic symptomatology. Therapists skilled in the treatment of DID are typically fluent in the uses of hypnosis for stabilization, affect management, building a safe place and grounding to name of few. EMDR, which has come to the forefront of clinical awareness in the last ten years, seems aptly suited for the treatment of trauma, but can be destabilizing.

Author(s): 
Fine, C. G.
Berkowitz, A. S.
Publication Title: 
AACN clinical issues

Patients with severe traumatic brain injury resulting in increased intracranial pressure refractory to first-tier interventions challenge the critical care team. After exhausting these initial interventions, critical care practitioners may utilize barbiturate-induced coma in an attempt to reduce the intracranial pressure. Titrating appropriate levels of barbiturate is imperative. Underdosing the drug may fail to control the intracranial pressure, whereas overdosing may lead to untoward effects such as hypotension and cardiac compromise.

Author(s): 
Bader, Mary Kay
Arbour, Richard
Palmer, Sylvain
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Anbar, Ran D.

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