Cognition

Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic reviews. In contrast, however, there appears to be less interest in examining associations between PA and cognition in cognitively healthy individuals.

Author(s): 
Rathore, Azeem
Lom, Barbara
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that physical activity delays the onset of dementia in healthy older adults and slows down cognitive decline to prevent the onset of cognitive disability. Studies using animal models suggest that physical activity has the potential to attenuate the pathophysiology of dementia. 'Physical activity' refers to 'usual care plus physical activity'.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Forbes, Sean
Morgan, Debra G.
Markle-Reid, Maureen
Wood, Jennifer
Culum, Ivan
Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether aerobic exercise improves cognition in adults diagnosed with neurologic disorders. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials, MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, AMED, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Google Scholar, with the last search performed in December 2010. STUDY SELECTION: We included controlled clinical trials and randomized controlled trials with adults diagnosed with a neurologic disorder.

Author(s): 
McDonnell, Michelle N.
Smith, Ashleigh E.
Mackintosh, Shylie F.
Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

AIMS: Although most women experience symptom clusters during the menopausal transition and early postmenopause, investigators reporting clinical trial effects for hot flushes often omit co-occurring symptoms. Our aim was to review controlled clinical trials of mind-body therapies for hot flushes and at least one other co-occurring symptom from these groups: sleep, cognitive function, mood, and pain.

Author(s): 
Woods, N. F.
Mitchell, E. S.
Schnall, J. G.
Cray, L.
Ismail, R.
Taylor-Swanson, L.
Thomas, A.
Publication Title: 
BioMed Research International

This systematic review analyzes current data on effects of exercise interventions and physical activity behavior on objective and subjective cancer related cognitive impairments (CRCI). Out of the 19 studies which met all inclusion criteria, five RCTs investigated rodents, whereas the other 14 trials explored humans and these included six RCTs, one controlled trial, two prospective noncontrolled trials, one case series, one observational study, and three cross-sectional studies.

Author(s): 
Zimmer, Philipp
Baumann, Freerk T.
Oberste, Max
Wright, Peter
Garthe, Alexander
Schenk, Alexander
Elter, Thomas
Galvao, Daniel A.
Bloch, Wilhelm
Hübner, Sven T.
Wolf, Florian
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Thiessen, Emily J.
Blake, Catherine M.
Forbes, Scott C.
Forbes, Sean
Publication Title: 
NeuroRehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a well-established sequela of people suffering from neurological pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of exercise intervention programs on cognitive performance in participants suffering from stroke, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Four online databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PEDro) were comprehensively searched from their inception through December 2014.

Author(s): 
Kalron, Alon
Zeilig, Gabi
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

BACKGROUND: Physical exercise may be valuable for patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders as it may have beneficial effect on clinical symptoms, quality of life and cognition. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using PubMed (Medline), Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Controlled and uncontrolled studies investigating the effect of any type of physical exercise interventions in schizophrenia spectrum disorders were included. Outcome measures were clinical symptoms, quality of life, global functioning, depression or cognition.

Author(s): 
Dauwan, Meenakshi
Begemann, Marieke J. H.
Heringa, Sophie M.
Sommer, Iris E.
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: The demand for clinically efficacious, safe, patient acceptable, and cost-effective forms of treatment for mental illness is growing. Several studies have demonstrated benefit from yoga in specific psychiatric symptoms and a general sense of well-being. OBJECTIVE: To systematically examine the evidence for efficacy of yoga in the treatment of selected major psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Balasubramaniam, Meera
Telles, Shirley
Doraiswamy, P. Murali
Publication Title: 
PloS One

While yoga seems to be effective in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, the evidence of efficacy in multiple sclerosis remains unclear. The aim of this review was to systematically assess and meta-analyze the available data on efficacy and safety of yoga in patients with multiple sclerosis. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, CAM-Quest, CAMbase, and IndMED were searched through March 2014.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Azizi, Hoda
Dobos, Gustav
Langhorst, Jost

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