Cohort Studies

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

Sensory impairment is a common and significant feature of children on the autism spectrum. In 2005, a qigong massage intervention based on Chinese medicine and delivered by a doctor of Chinese medicine was shown to improve sensory impairment and adaptive behavior in a small controlled study of young children with autism. In 2006, the Qigong Sensory Training (QST) program was developed to train early intervention professionals to provide the QST intervention.

Silva, Louisa M. T.
Ayres, Robert
Schalock, Mark
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The debate on the merits of observational studies as compared with randomized trials is ongoing. We will briefly touch on this subject, and demonstrate the role of cohort studies for the description of infectious disease patterns after transplantation. The potential benefits of cohort studies for the clinical management of patients outside of the expected gain in epidemiological knowledge are reviewed. The newly established Swiss Transplantation Cohort Study and in particular the part focusing on infectious diseases will serve as an illustration.

Berger, Christoph
Boggian, Katia
Cusini, Alexia
van Delden, Christian
Garzoni, Christian
Hirsch, Hans H.
Khanna, Nina
Koller, Michael
Manuel, Oriol
Meylan, Pascal
Nadal, David
Weisser, Maja
Mueller, Nicolas J.
Transplant Infectious Diseases Working Group, Swiss Transplant Cohort Study
Publication Title: 
Clinical Drug Investigation

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus is growing rapidly, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region. The aim of this international, large-scale, observational study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of the antidiabetic agent acarbose as add-on or monotherapy in a range of patients with type 2 diabetes, including those with cardiovascular morbidities. The majority of practices were included from high-burden regions (predominantly those in the Asia-Pacific region). METHODS: This was an observational study conducted in 15 countries/regions.

Zhang, Weiwei
Kim, Dongjun
Philip, Elizabeth
Miyan, Zahid
Barykina, Irina
Schmidt, Birgit
Stein, Herbert
Gluco VIP study
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

The aim of this study was to evaluate the success and complications following inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) transposition/reposition for dental implant placement in edentulous or partially edentulous mandibles. This was a multicenter retrospective study; patients who had undergone IAN transposition/reposition at four surgical clinics were retrospectively evaluated. Adverse effects, especially neural disturbances, were recorded and followed. Overall, 68 IAN reposition and 11 nerve transposition procedures were performed in 57 patients (only three patients reported on smoking).

Lorean, A.
Kablan, F.
Mazor, Z.
Mijiritsky, E.
Russe, P.
Barbu, H.
Levin, L.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Dentistry

PURPOSE: To compare the Jay Sensitivity Sensor Probe (Jay Probe), a new microprocessor-based, pre-calibrated instrument, with well accepted methods used to evaluate sensitivity, i.e. tactile response to the Yeaple Probe, air blast (Schiff scale), and patient responses by Visual Analog Score (VAS). METHODS: Jay Probe assessments were accomplished using several approaches. With a cohort of 12 subjects, two clinical examiners compared the repeatability of the Jay and Yeaple Probes.

Sowinski, Joseph A.
Kakar, Ashish
Kakar, Kanupriya
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

Endocarditis has been reported in patients with valvular heart disease who have undergone acupuncture treatment, although most have been associated with the use of semi-permanent needles. This has led reviewers to suggest that acupuncture may not only be contraindicated in such patients but that prophylactic antibiotics should be given. This study investigated the use of acupuncture treatment in patients with proven valvular heart disease and observed whether endocarditis developed in such patients.

Stellon, Anthony
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

The study investigates the outcome of acupuncture for chronic neck pain in a cohort of patients referred to an NHS chronic pain clinic. One hundred and seventy two patients were selected for acupuncture over a period of 6.5 years. Treatment was given by a single acupuncturist and consisted of a course of needle acupuncture for an average of seven sessions per patient. Treatment outcome was measured by an oral rating scale of improvement at the end of treatment and at follow up six months and one year after treatment.

Blossfeldt, Patrick
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

We applied electroacupuncture to the spinal nerve root by inserting needles under x ray imaging in three cases with radicular sciatica, as a non-pharmacological substitute for lumbar spinal nerve block. In all three cases, symptoms were markedly reduced immediately after electroacupuncture to the spinal nerve root. The sustained effect was noticeably longer than that of spinal nerve blocks previously performed, in two out of the three cases.

Inoue, Motohiro
Hojo, Tatsuya
Yano, Tadashi
Katsumi, Yasukazu
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Headache and Pain

Acupuncture is a popular complementary treatment for various pain syndromes. Some studies claim efficacy in the treatment of primary headache syndromes. However, data on the frequency of acupuncture use by patients with headache prior to neurological referral have not been identified. In this study, 12% of patients with headache attending general neurology outpatient clinics had already received acupuncture; of the remainder, 73% said they would be willing to try it.

Larner, A. J.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound guided dry needling and autologous blood injection for the treatment of patellar tendinosis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital/clinic based. PATIENTS: 47 knees in 44 patients (40 men, 7 women, mean age 34.5 years, age range 17 to 54 years) with refractory tendinosis underwent sonographic examination of the patellar tendon following referral with a clinical diagnosis of patellar tendinosis (mean symptom duration 12.9 months).

James, Steven L. J.
Ali, Kaline
Pocock, Chris
Robertson, Claire
Walter, Joy
Bell, Jonathan
Connell, David


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