Cohort Studies

Publication Title: 
The British Journal of General Practice: The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

BACKGROUND: Health locus of control influences health-related behaviour, but its association with healthcare use is unclear. AIM: To investigate the association between individuals' health locus of control and the use of conventional and alternative health care. DESIGN OF STUDY: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A nationally representative random sample of community-dwelling adult households in Japan. METHOD: Health locus of control, symptom-related visits to physicians, and the use of dietary and physical complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) was measured.

Author(s): 
Tokuda, Yasuharu
Takahashi, Osamu
Ohde, Sachiko
Ogata, Hiromitsu
Yanai, Haruo
Shimbo, Takuro
Fukuhara, Shunichi
Hinohara, Shigeaki
Fukui, Tsuguya
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Although back pain is considered one of the most frequent reasons why patients seek complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies little is known on the extent patients are actually using CAM for back pain. METHODS: This is a post hoc analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study embedded in a RCT. General practitioners (GPs) recruited consecutively adult patients presenting with LBP.

Author(s): 
Chenot, Jean-François
Becker, Annette
Leonhardt, Corinna
Keller, Stefan
Donner-Banzhoff, Norbert
Baum, Erika
Pfingsten, Michael
Hildebrandt, Jan
Basler, Heinz-Dieter
Kochen, Michael M.
Publication Title: 
Fertility and Sterility

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among couples seeking fertility care and to identify the predictors of CAM use in this population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Eight community and academic infertility practices. PATIENT(S): A total of 428 couples presenting for an infertility evaluation. INTERVENTION(S): Interviews and questionnaires. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine therapy.

Author(s): 
Smith, James F.
Eisenberg, Michael L.
Millstein, Susan G.
Nachtigall, Robert D.
Shindel, Alan W.
Wing, Holly
Cedars, Marcelle
Pasch, Lauri
Katz, Patricia P.
Infertility Outcomes Program Project Group
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

PURPOSE: Research suggests that expectancy may modulate the response to medical interventions, including acupuncture. However, the paucity of validated tools to measure expectancy limits rigorous evaluation. We sought to validate a previously developed Acupuncture Expectancy Scale (AES) as an instrument to measure patients' expected responses to acupuncture. PURPOSE: Participants were patients with stage I to III cancers seen in outpatient medical and radiation oncology clinics. They were drawn from three study cohorts that included 404 participants.

Author(s): 
Mao, Jun J.
Xie, Sharon X.
Bowman, Marjorie A.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: It is not known whether or not delivering acupuncture triggers mechanisms cited as placebo and if acupuncture or sham reduces radiotherapy-induced emesis more than standard care. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Cancer patients receiving radiotherapy over abdominal/pelvic regions were randomized to verum (penetrating) acupuncture (n = 109; 99 provided data) in the alleged antiemetic acupuncture point PC6 or sham acupuncture (n = 106; 101 provided data) performed with a telescopic non-penetrating needle at a sham point 2-3 times/week during the whole radiotherapy period.

Author(s): 
Enblom, Anna
Lekander, Mats
Hammar, Mats
Johnsson, Anna
Onelöv, Erik
Ingvar, Martin
Steineck, Gunnar
Börjeson, Sussanne
Publication Title: 
Sleep

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of electroacupuncture as an additional treatment for residual insomnia associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). DESIGN: Randomized, placebo-controlled. SETTING: A psychiatric outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 78 Chinese patients with DSM-IV-diagnosed MDD, insomnia complaint, a Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HDRS(17)) score ≤ 18, and fixed antidepressant dosage.

Author(s): 
Yeung, Wing-Fai
Chung, Ka-Fai
Tso, Kwok-Chu
Zhang, Shi-Ping
Zhang, Zhang-Jin
Ho, Lai-Ming
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

CONTEXT: Acupuncture may represent a nonpharmaceutical treatment for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), based on four studies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether true, as compared with sham, acupuncture normalizes pituitary gonadotropin hormones and increases ovulatory frequency in women with PCOS. DESIGN: This was a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial (5 month protocol). SETTING: The study was conducted in central Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four reproductive-aged women completed the intervention.

Author(s): 
Pastore, Lisa M.
Williams, Christopher D.
Jenkins, Jeffrey
Patrie, James T.
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases, including bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, allergic rhinitis and repeated respiratory tract infection (RRTL) in infants, exacerbate frequently in winter because of respiratory viral infections and low temperature. Summer acupoint application therapy (SAAT) is thought to be effective in reducing exacerbation frequency of chronic lung diseases in winter. It is a kind of therapy using a herbal mixture for external application on special acupoints during summer.

Author(s): 
Peng, Jin
Wu, Xia-qiu
He, Li-Yun
Fang, Yi-Gong
Zi, Ming-jie
Yan, Shi-yan
Liu, Bao-Yan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To confirm the long-term outcomes of stroke patients and determine predicting factors for death, recurrence of vascular events and poor outcome (either recurrence or death) after the use of combined TCM therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective hospital-based cohort study and was performed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Tianjin. All subjects with stroke consecutively admitted to an inpatient ward of the Acupuncture Department from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2008 were retrospectively followed through one year.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Xiao-Feng
Su, Shi-jun
Yun, Guo
Guo, Yun-hong
Wang, Shu
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture has been provided in nurse-led group clinics in St Albans since 2008. It is funded by a commissioning group within the National Health Service, on a trial basis, for patients with knee osteoarthritis who would otherwise be referred to an orthopaedic surgeon. AIM: To evaluate the patients seen in the service's first year of operation and their outcome up to the end of 2010.

Author(s): 
White, Adrian
Richardson, Marion
Richmond, Pamela
Freedman, Jonathan
Bevis, Mark

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