Consciousness

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia

Two obstetric patients presenting with post-traumatic stress disorder in the antenatal period are discussed. The first patient had previously had an unexpected stillborn delivered by emergency caesarean section under general anaesthesia. She developed post-traumatic stress disorder and presented for repeat caesarean section in her subsequent pregnancy, suffering flashbacks and severe anxiety. Following antenatal preparation with hypnosis and a psychological method called the rewind technique, she had a repeat caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia, successfully managing her anxiety.

Author(s): 
Slater, P. M.
Publication Title: 
World Neurosurgery

BACKGROUND: In the pediatric population, awake craniotomy begin to be used for the resection of brain tumor located close to eloquent areas. Some specificities must be taken into account to adapt this method to children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this clinical study is not only to confirm the feasibility of awake craniotomy and language brain mapping in the pediatric population but also to identify the specificities and the necessary adaptations of the procedure.

Author(s): 
Delion, Matthieu
Terminassian, Aram
Lehousse, Thierry
Aubin, Ghislaine
Malka, Jean
N'Guyen, Sylvie
Mercier, Philippe
Menei, Philippe
Publication Title: 
Harefuah

Hypnosis is an ancient method of treatment, in which an enhanced state of mind and elevated susceptibility for suggestion of the patient, are increased. Hypnosis is executed, either by a caregiver or by the person himself (after brief training). The use of hypnosis in alleviating labor pain has been studied as of the second half of the 20th century. In early studies, the use of hypnosis for this purpose has been proven quite effective. However, later studies, performed in randomized controlled trial terms, have shown controversial results.

Author(s): 
Rabinerson, David
Yeoshua, Effi
Gabbay-Ben-Ziv, Rinat
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Induction of general anaesthesia can be distressing for children. Non-pharmacological methods for reducing anxiety and improving co-operation may avoid the adverse effects of preoperative sedation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-pharmacological interventions in assisting induction of anaesthesia in children by reducing their anxiety, distress or increasing their co-operation.

Author(s): 
Manyande, Anne
Cyna, Allan M.
Yip, Peggy
Chooi, Cheryl
Middleton, Philippa
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Anaesthesia

The use of EEG monitors to assess the level of hypnosis during anaesthesia has become widespread. Anaesthetists, however, do not usually observe the raw EEG data: they generally pay attention only to the Bispectral Index (BIS™) and other indices calculated by EEG monitors. This abstracted information only partially characterizes EEG features. To properly appreciate the availability and reliability of EEG-derived indices, it is necessary to understand how raw EEG changes during anaesthesia.

Author(s): 
Hagihira, S.
Publication Title: 
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis & Frontotemporal Degeneration

Our objective was to systematically review and critically evaluate the evidence for psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy interventions for reducing distress or improving well-being in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (pwALS). Online bibliographic databases and clinical trial registers were searched and an assessment of study quality was conducted. Seven thousand two hundred and twenty-three studies were identified, of which five met inclusion criteria (four completed and one in progress).

Author(s): 
Gould, Rebecca L.
Coulson, Mark C.
Brown, Richard G.
Goldstein, Laura H.
Al-Chalabi, Ammar
Howard, Robert J.
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus / I.S.D.E

Upper gastrointestinal complaints are common among patients in a gastrointestinal clinic. Outside of typical gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms that are treated with medication, the symptom presentations of esophageal patients, particularly those with functional conditions, are often difficult to treat and account for high health-care utilization. This manuscript describes the role of a health psychologist in the treatment of esophageal disorders using behavioral medicine interventions.

Author(s): 
Riehl, M. E.
Kinsinger, S.
Kahrilas, P. J.
Pandolfino, J. E.
Keefer, L.
Publication Title: 
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Castilleja tenuiflora has been used for the treatment of several Central Nervous System (CNS) diseases. Herein we report the antidepressant activity of the methanol extract from the leaves of this medicinal plant. The oral administration of MeOH extract (500 mg/kg) induced a significant (p < 0.05) decrement of the immobility parameter on Forced Swimming Test (FST) and an increment in the latency and duration of the hypnosis, induced by administration of sodium pentobarbital (Pbi, 40 mg/kg, i.p.).

Author(s): 
Herrera-Ruiz, Maribel
López-Rodríguez, Ricardo
Trejo-Tapia, Gabriela
Domínguez-Mendoza, Blanca Eda
González-Cortazar, Manases
Tortoriello, Jaime
Zamilpa, Alejandro
Publication Title: 
Medical Hypotheses

Hypnosis and music interventions (HMIs) have shown positive influence on cancers for nearly 200years, but the underlying mechanisms were rarely explored systematically. The hypothesis suggests a potential curative efficacy of HMIs on cancers by inhibiting hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), which is a key mediator of cancer development, especially under hypoxic conditions. HMIs are sufficient to attenuate the pain and anxiety degree of individuals, improve multiple psychological and physiological parameters, and consequently, lead to increased oxygen saturation in vivo.

Author(s): 
Wang, Jing-Zhang
Li, Ling
Pan, Li-Lan
Chen, Jian-Hua
Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

Objectives. This systematic overview of reviews aimed to summarize evidence and methodological quality from systematic reviews of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for the fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Methods. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were screened from their inception to Sept 2013 to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of CAM interventions for FMS. Methodological quality of reviews was rated using the AMSTAR instrument. Results.

Author(s): 
Lauche, Romy
Cramer, Holger
Häuser, Winfried
Dobos, Gustav
Langhorst, Jost

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