Delusions

Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

This study investigated mental health professionals' assessment of the pathognomonic significance of religious beliefs. A total of 110 participants reviewed 3 vignettes depicting individuals possessing the religious beliefs associated with Catholicism, Mormonism, and Nation of Islam. The religious beliefs of the individuals in the vignettes were identified as either being integral to a religious tradition or not and also as either resulting in a threat to harm another or not.

Author(s): 
O'Connor, Shawn
Vandenberg, Brian
Publication Title: 
Archives of General Psychiatry

De ClÈrambault focused attention on a syndrome in which a woman has the delusional belief that a man, usually of higher social status and considerably older, is much in love with her. If the patient's romantic ideas shaped private fantasies instead of determined public behavior, there would be little cause for concern. The situation becomes critical when the fantasies are dramatized in real life with an unsuspecting and usually unwilling man cast in the role of the lover.

Author(s): 
Hollender, M. H.
Callahan, A. S.
Publication Title: 
Annales Medico-Psychologiques

Identified and described 150 years ago, the delirious conviction of being loved, or erotomania, is probably more frequent (in his less spectacular forms) in the private practice, than in the psychiatric services. The critical examination of the literature permits to classify this peculiar clinical-psychological entity as paranoid psychoses, or as sensitive characteropathias of the the Kretschmer-type, finally as an exaggerated-rediculous form of the intra-specific struggle for the conquest of a sexual partner. The pathogenesis of erotomania is yet under discussion.

Author(s): 
Schachter, M.
Publication Title: 
Archives of General Psychiatry

Erotomania is reexamined by an in-depth study of eight patients. There appear to be two main varieties: the phantom lover syndrome, or fixed delusion elaborated around a person who does not exist, and erotomania proper, a recurrent tendency to believe that one is loved by a powerful, prominent man.

Author(s): 
Seeman, M. V.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Medical Psychology

A case of the Capras phenomenon in a man of 58, arising during the course of a depressive illness, is described. Physical, electroencephalographic and psychometric investigations gave no sign of organic disease, and recovery was complete. Factors leading to the development of a depressive psychosis and its particular manifestation in the Capgras delusion are traced in detail. The psychopathology of the condition and the implications for treatment are discussed.

Author(s): 
Dally, P.
Gomez, J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the National Medical Association

A syndrome which was first described by G.G. De Clerambault in 1885 is reviewed and a case is presented. Popularly called erotomania, the syndrome is characterized by the delusional idea, usually in a young woman, that a man whom she considers to be of higher social and/or professional standing is in love with her.

Author(s): 
Jordan, H. W.
Howe, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Mental Deficiency Research

Two cases of mentally handicapped patients, who developed delusions of passion, are described. The relationship of these cases to de Clerambault's Syndrome, and their pathogenetic features, are discussed.

Author(s): 
Collacott, R. A.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

Two female patients with longstanding bipolar affective disorder demonstrated de ClÈrambault's paradigm of erotomania during the euthymic phase of their illness. Although a diagnosis of schizophrenia or paranoid disorder is often given, a review of the literature shows that many cases have features of a major affective disorder, probably bipolar affective disorder and its spectrum.

Author(s): 
Signer, S. F.
Swinson, R. P.
Publication Title: 
Psychopathology

In a retrospective study of 865 delusional syndromes, connections were investigated between delusional themes and the sex of patients, and the ages in which these themes extensively occurred. According to previous reports, the results of this investigation indicated that differences exist between the ages of manifestation regarding the themes of hypochondria, persecution, love and jealously. Furthermore, differences could be observed between males and females in relation to the frequency of choice of particular themes, as well as the age of occurrence.

Author(s): 
Musalek, M.
Berner, P.
Katschnig, H.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

A case of de ClÈrambault syndrome, secondary to paranoid schizophrenia, in a Saudi woman is documented. Cultural factors were found ineffective in modifying or preventing symptoms. Erotomania appeared to arise from the same dynamics as those of the Western patients and to follow the same pattern.

Author(s): 
el-Assra, A.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Delusions