Forecasting

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

The Relapse Prevention (RP) model has been a mainstay of addictions theory and treatment since its introduction three decades ago. This paper provides an overview and update of RP for addictive behaviors with a focus on developments over the last decade (2000-2010). Major treatment outcome studies and meta-analyses are summarized, as are selected empirical findings relevant to the tenets of the RP model.

Author(s): 
Hendershot, Christian S.
Witkiewitz, Katie
George, William H.
Marlatt, G. Alan
Publication Title: 
Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries

Adult burn patients experience pain during wound care despite pharmacological interventions. Additional nursing interventions are needed to improve pain management. A systematic review was undertaken in order to examine the implications of previous research for evidence based decisions concerning the use of non-pharmacological nursing interventions and for future research. Twenty-six studies met the inclusion criteria and were discussed. The majority of the included studies concerned behavioural nursing interventions and focussed on promotion of psychological comfort.

Author(s): 
de Jong, A. E. E.
Middelkoop, E.
Faber, A. W.
Van Loey, N. E. E.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

The term "unconventional medicine" refers to a remarkably heterogeneous group of theories and practices (homeopathy, herbal medicine, acupuncture, etc.) different from those peculiar to the dominant health system of a particular society. An unifying characteristic of these practices is that they have not been scientifically tested and that unconventional practitioners largely deny the need for such testing.

Author(s): 
Raschetti, R.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Medicine (London, England)

This paper describes the current status and evidence base for acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal and manipulative medicine, as well as the regulatory framework within which these therapies are provided. It also explores the present role of the Royal College of Physicians' Subcommittee on Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in relation to these developments.

Author(s): 
Lewith, George T.
Breen, Alan
Filshie, Jacqueline
Fisher, Peter
McIntyre, Michael
Mathie, Robert T.
Peters, David
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

Though homeopathy has been in successful and continuous use for well over 200 years, in the United Kingdom it is under growing pressure, from scientific detractors and sections of the media. As such, homeopathy's free National Health Service provision is threatened because it is derided as 'unproven', 'unscientific', and even 'deadly'. While refuting these and other detractions, this paper considers possible reasons for the current plight of homeopathy UK.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement

A critical appraisal of the design of clinical trials which examined the effectiveness of various interventions in fibrositis was conducted. Therapeutic interventions included physical fitness, biofeedback, acupuncture, dothiepin, imipramine, cyclobenzaprine, S-adenosylmethionine and amitriptyline. The design and analysis of the randomized, controlled studies render their results reliable. Major areas for methodologic improvement in future trials were identified. Standardized, validated and reliable diagnostic and outcome criteria need to be established.

Author(s): 
Gabriel, S. E.
Bombardier, C.
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

The term "unconventional medicine" refers to a remarkably heterogeneous group of theories and practices (homeopathy, herbal medicine, acupuncture, etc.) different from those peculiar to the dominant health system of a particular society. An unifying characteristic of these practices is that they have not been scientifically tested and that unconventional practitioners largely deny the need for such testing.

Author(s): 
Raschetti, R.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Medicine (London, England)

This paper describes the current status and evidence base for acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal and manipulative medicine, as well as the regulatory framework within which these therapies are provided. It also explores the present role of the Royal College of Physicians' Subcommittee on Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in relation to these developments.

Author(s): 
Lewith, George T.
Breen, Alan
Filshie, Jacqueline
Fisher, Peter
McIntyre, Michael
Mathie, Robert T.
Peters, David

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