Health Promotion

Publication Title: 
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Supplement

In Western countries data from clinical and epidemiological studies have induced the public health offices to promote a great deal of advertising and informative campaigning for smoking reduction. Cigarette smoking has been clearly linked to the most common causes of death in the elderly and contributes to the higher death rate and disability rate associated with many chronic illnesses that are common in this age group.

Author(s): 
Tafaro, L.
Cicconetti, P.
Tedeschi, G.
Baratta, A.
Ursino, R.
Ettorre, E.
Marigliano, V.
Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

Interactions between genetic (genome) and environmental factors (epigenome) operate during a person's entire lifespan. The aging process is associated with several cellular and organic functional alterations that, at the end, cause multi-organic cell failure. Epigenetic mechanisms of aging are modifiable by appropriate preventive actions mediated by sirtuins, caloric input, diet components, adipose tissue-related inflammatory reactions, and physical activity.

Author(s): 
Chedraui, P.
PÈrez-LÛpez, F. R.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Reviews
Author(s): 
Rosenberg, I. H.
Publication Title: 
Geriatrics

At the 1995 status review of the Healthy People 2000 nutrition objectives, progress was reported in several areas. These include dietary fat consumption, calcium intake, use of nutrition label information, incidence of coronary and stroke mortalities and blood pressure and cholesterol levels. However, a lack of progress was reported in the incidence of overweight in both men and women. Physicians can help their older patients achieve better health by providing assessments for under- or over-nutrition and education in age-appropriate dietary practices.

Author(s): 
Fishman, P.
Publication Title: 
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society

An ideal diet is one that promotes optimal health and longevity. Throughout history, human societies have developed varieties of dietary patterns based on available food plants and animals that successfully supported growth and reproduction. As economies changed from scarcity to abundance, principal diet-related diseases have shifted from nutrient deficiencies to chronic diseases related to dietary excesses. This shift has led to increasing scientific consensus that eating more plant foods but fewer animal foods would best promote health.

Author(s): 
Nestle, M.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

During recent decades, the concept of health promotion has become a legitimate part of health care because of the aging of the postwar baby boom generation. As this population ages, the potential strain on health care systems will increase because the greatest use of health care services occurs during the last years of life. In older adults there are many correctable health factors that can be assessed through screening protocols.

Author(s): 
Chernoff, R.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

If health-related quality of life--and not longevity--is the key goal for health promotion, then it is captured only partly by the existing mortality and morbidity indexes. Researchers now urge that government agencies and health care providers begin collecting quality-of-life data on the populations they serve. Adding life to years, not years to life, is the current agenda for productive and successful aging. Policies and programs on aging are increasingly focused on identifying ways to improve quality of life and health status rather than just extending life span.

Author(s): 
Drewnowski, A.
Evans, W. J.
Publication Title: 
Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

In the largely successful preventive approach to reduction in cardiovascular disease prevalence, three classic stages of investigation were used. First, an hypothesis was raised that diet and cholesterol levels were a cause of heart disease. Second, multiple longitudinal observational studies, led by the Framingham group, documented a strong association between these health risks and heart disease mortality. Finally, randomized controlled trials of cholesterol-lowering drugs established proof of causality. Our understanding of the Successful Aging phenomenon has followed the same sequence.

Author(s): 
Fries, James F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

BACKGROUND: Diabetes constitutes a global public health problem. Today about 135 million people are affected and it is estimated that the number in 2025 will be 300 million. AIMS: By reviewing existing literature the aim is to raise awareness among nurses, nurse educators and nursing students of the global epidemic of diabetes mellitus, its multiple underlying causes, especially social ones, and how to fight it. A further aim is to discuss the implications for future curriculum content in nurse education programmes.

Author(s): 
Hjelm, Katarina
Mufunda, Esther
Nambozi, Grace
Kemp, Joan
Publication Title: 
Annals of Epidemiology

PURPOSE: To examine prospectively the relationship between vegetable consumption and long-term survival. METHODS: In 1965, a total of 1536 Italian males from two Italian rural cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, aged 45-65 years, were examined. Information on lifestyle and food consumption collected at this visit, and total and cause-specific mortality data collected in 30 years of follow-up were analyzed for the present study.

Author(s): 
Seccareccia, Fulvia
Alberti-Fidanza, Adalberta
Fidanza, Flaminio
Farchi, Gino
Freeman, Karen M.
Mariotti, Sergio
Menotti, Alessandro

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