Heart Rate

Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

In this study we explored the relationship between hypnotic susceptibility measured with the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility (HGSHS) and cardiovascular parameters. After assessing their degree of hypnotic susceptibility, we induced 21 female students into happy mood states and into sad mood states. During the mood state induction we monitored blood pressure, heart rate, and cardiac vagal tone continuously. The study demonstrated a strong relationship between hypnotic susceptibility and both cardiac vagal tone and heart rate reactivity.

Harris, R. M.
Porges, S. W.
Carpenter, M. E.
Vincenz, L. M.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Spectral analysis of beat-to-beat variability in electrocardiography is a simple, noninvasive method to analyze sympatho-vagal interaction. The electrocardiogram is analyzed by means of an automatic, autoregressive modeling algorithm that provides a quantitative estimate of R-R interval variability by the computation of power spectral density. Two major peaks are recognizable in this specter: a low-frequency peak (LF, -0.1 Hz), related to the overall autonomic activity (ortho+parasympathetic) and a high-frequency peak (HF, -0.25 Hz), representative of the vagal activity.

DeBenedittis, G.
Cigada, M.
Bianchi, A.
Signorini, M. G.
Cerutti, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pharmacokinetics of propofol in combination with epidural anesthesia or with intravenous (i.v.) alfentanil infusion, and to investigate the clinical feasibility of this anesthetic technique in lower abdominal surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, open clinical study. SETTING: Operating theaters and postanesthesia recovery unit at the department of gynecology of a university medical center. PATIENTS: 20 healthy, consenting ASA physical status I and II adult female patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. INTERVENTIONS: A total i.v.

Wessén, A.
Persson, P. M.
Nilsson, A.
Hartvig, P.
Publication Title: 

BACKGROUND: Propofol and ketamine may be paired for anesthesia induction and for total intravenous anesthesia. The nature of any sedative interactions occurring between propofol and ketamine are unknown. The combination when used for anesthesia induction in female patients was studied. METHODS: Quantal dose-response curves were determined in 180 female patients to whom the drugs were administered individually and in combination. Two minutes after administering the drugs, two endpoints were assessed.

Hui, T. W.
Short, T. G.
Hong, W.
Suen, T.
Gin, T.
Plummer, J.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

The basic assumption underlying the present study was that emotional factors may influence not only recovery but also blood loss and blood pressure in maxillofacial surgery patients, where the surgery was performed under general anesthesia. Eighteen patients were administered a hypnosis tape containing preoperative therapeutic suggestions, 18 patients were administered hypnosis tapes containing pre- and perioperative suggestions, and 24 patients were administered a hypnosis tape containing perioperative suggestions only.

Enqvist, B.
von Konow, L.
Bystedt, H.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Science (London, England: 1979)
Emdin, M.
Santarcangelo, E. L.
Picano, E.
Raciti, M.
Pola, S.
Macerata, A.
Michelassi, C.
L'Abbate, A.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

This study evaluates the effects of hypnotic analgesia and hypnosis on bilateral EEG activity recorded from frontal, central and posterior areas during three painful electrical stimulation conditions: waking, hypnosis/no-analgesia, hypnosis/analgesia. Eight high-hypnotizable and eight low-hypnotizable (right handed) subjects participated in the experiment.

De Pascalis, V.
Perrone, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP

The purposes of this research study were: (1) to determine whether changes in cardiac rate, skin temperature, and/or electrodermal activity occur as children change mental imagery and (2) to determine whether such changes are related to age, sex, or other variables. Children who were evaluated in this study had no previous experience with hypnosis or biofeedback training and were in good health with no learning disabilities. Thirty-eight boys and 38 girls ranging in age from 5 to 15 years were studied in a comfortable setting with a constant room temperature and biofeedback equipment.

Lee, L. H.
Olness, K. N.
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

Autogenic training, a method of self-hypnosis, lowers the extent of within-day variation of systolic blood pressure assessed by the circadian double amplitude. The blood pressure and heart rate of ten patients, conventionally diagnosed as having hypertension or white-coat hypertension, were automatically monitored at 30-min intervals for 7 days before autogenic training and again for 7 days, at 1 or 2 months after the start of autogenic training (practiced three times daily).

Watanabe, Y.
Halberg, F.
Cornelissen, G.
Saito, Y.
Fukuda, K.
Otsuka, K.
Kikuchi, T.
Publication Title: 
Tierärztliche Praxis

Using the Stephens anaesthetic apparatus-which is a closed system with an in-circuit, nonprecision vaporizer-and isoflurane as anaesthetic gas, 18 rabbits were anaesthetized and showed sufficient hypnosis, analgesia, and muscle relaxation during bone surgery. Induction of anaesthesia was achieved with intravenous propofol and all rabbits were intubated afterwards.

Henke, J.
Koch, M.
Brill, T.
Bolkart, B.
Janczewski, M.
Erhardt, W.


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