Infant

Publication Title: 
South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde

Of all the theories purporting to uncover the roots of childhood behaviour and its extension into adult behaviour, the most cogent relates to the physical and psychological bonds of attachment between infant and mother. It is helpful to divide the human lifespan into three periods, each of which has alternating phases of attachment and detachment.

Author(s): 
Levin, S.
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

This annual review focuses on invertebrate model organisms, which shed light on new mechanisms in aging and provide excellent systems for both genome-wide and in-depth analysis. This year, protein interaction networks have been used in a new bioinformatic approach to identify novel genes that extend replicative lifespan in yeast. In an extended approach, using a new, human protein interaction network, information from the invertebrates was used to identify new, candidate genes for lifespan extension and their orthologues were validated in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

Author(s): 
Partridge, Linda
Publication Title: 
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology

OBJECTIVE: Fluoride was first added to the Australian water supply in 1953, and by 2003, 69% of Australia's population was receiving the minimum recommended dose. Extending coverage of fluoridation to all remaining communities of at least 1000 people is a key strategy of Australia's National Oral Health Plan 2004-2013. We evaluate the cost-effectiveness of this strategy from an Australian health sector perspective. METHODS: Health gains from the prevention of caries in the Australian population are modelled over the average 15-year lifespan of a treatment plant.

Author(s): 
Cobiac, Linda J.
Vos, Theo
Publication Title: 
Biogerontology

The exceptional longevity of centenarians is due in part to inherited genetic factors, as deduced from data that show that first degree relatives of centenarians live longer and have reduced overall mortality. In recent years, a number of groups have performed genetic association studies on long-living individuals (LLI) and young controls to identify alleles that are either positively or negatively selected in the centenarian population as consequence of a demographic pressure. Many of the reported studies have shown genetic loci associated with longevity.

Author(s): 
Novelli, Valeria
Viviani Anselmi, Chiara
Roncarati, Roberta
Guffanti, Guia
Malovini, Alberto
Piluso, Giulio
Puca, Annibale Alessandro
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

OBJECTIVE: Postsurgical atrioventricular block may complicate surgery for congenital heart defects and is generally considered permanent when persisting longer than 14 days after surgery. In this study, we evaluate the occurrence of spontaneous late recovery of atrioventricular conduction in postsurgical chronic atrioventricular block and discuss its clinical implications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cardiac surgical procedures on cardiopulmonary bypass between January 1993 and November 2010 in subjects younger than 18 years.

Author(s): 
van Geldorp, Irene E.
Vanagt, Ward Y.
Vugts, Guusje
Willems, Rik
Rega, Filip
Gewillig, Marc
Delhaas, Tammo
Publication Title: 
BMC medical genetics

BACKGROUND: Telomere length, an indicator of ageing and longevity, has been correlated with several biomarkers of cardiometabolic disease in both Arab children and adults. It is not known, however, whether or not telomere length is a highly conserved inheritable trait in this homogeneous cohort, where age-related diseases are highly prevalent. As such, the aim of this study was to address the inheritability of telomere length in Saudi families and the impact of cardiometabolic disease biomarkers on telomere length.

Author(s): 
Al-Attas, Omar S.
Al-Daghri, Nasser M.
Alokail, Majed S.
Alkharfy, Khalid M.
Alfadda, Assim A.
McTernan, Philip
Gibson, Greg C.
Sabico, Shaun B.
Chrousos, George P.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

Diagnoses of bone marrow associated malignancies such as Acute & Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Acute & Chronic Myelogenous (Myeloid) Leukemia, Hodgkin's Lymphoma & Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma are often missed without a blood test. However, in 2008, Omura Y reported several newly discovered organ representation areas that exist between the lower end of the eyebrows and upper end of the upper eyelid. This space was divided into 5 organ representation areas.

Author(s): 
Omura, Yoshiaki
O'Young, Brian
Jones, Marilyn
Nihrane, Abdalla
Duvvi, Harsha
Paluch, Kamila
Shimotsuura, Yasuhiro
Ohki, Motomu
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology

BACKGROUND: Patients with thalassemia major are largely transfusion dependent and are thus exposed to a variety of risks such as transmission of infectious diseases, iron overload and alloimmunization. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of human immune deficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and red cell antibodies among multiple-transfused thalassemic patients in and around the national capital region.

Author(s): 
Makroo, Raj Nath
Arora, Jatinder Singh
Chowdhry, Mohit
Bhatia, Aakanksha
Thakur, Uday Kumar
Minimol, Antony
Publication Title: 
Circulation

The cases of 23 patients whose condition was diagnosed as truncus arteriosus, type I or II, and who were seen at the Mayo Clinic during the decade preceding 1967, that is, before corrective operation became feasible, were reviewed. Ten were infants (through one year of age), and all ten have died. Eight ranged in age from more than one year through seven years of age, and all are living, except one, who diet 11 years after diagnosis. Five were older than seven years, and all had severe pulmonary vascular obstructive disease; three have died.

Author(s): 
Marcelletti, C.
McGoon, D. C.
Mair, D. D.
Publication Title: 
South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde

Compared with our ancestor's diet, that consumed by present-day Western populations is higher in intake of energy, of protein (especially animal protein) and of fat (especially animal fat), but lower in intake of fibre-containing cereal foods; this diet is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality from degenerative diseases.

Author(s): 
Walker, A. R.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Infant