Publication Title: 
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published.

Thayabaranathan, Tharshanah
Andrew, Nadine E.
Immink, Maarten A.
Hillier, Susan
Stevens, Philip
Stolwyk, Rene
Kilkenny, Monique
Cadilhac, Dominique A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Mind-body therapies are often used by people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). However, there has been little examination into which types of mind-body therapies have been investigated for people with ASD and for what purposes. A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the existing evidence for mind-body therapies for people with ASD, particularly to determine the types of mind-body therapies used and the outcomes that are targeted. METHODS: PubMed, PsychInfo, and Scopus were searched using terms for ASD and mind-body therapies.

Hourston, Sarah
Atchley, Rachel
Publication Title: 
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Meditation-based interventions such as mindfulness and yoga are commonly practiced in the general community to improve mental and physical health. Parents, teachers and healthcare providers are also increasingly using such interventions with children. This review examines the use of meditation-based interventions in the treatment of children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Electronic databases searched included PsycINFO, Medline, CINAHL, and AMED.

Evans, Subhadra
Ling, Mathew
Hill, Briony
Rinehart, Nicole
Austin, David
Sciberras, Emma
Publication Title: 
Brain and Cognition

The most diffuse forms of meditation derive from Hinduism and Buddhism spiritual traditions. Different cognitive processes are set in place to reach these meditation states. According to an historical-philological hypothesis (Wynne, 2009) the two forms of meditation could be disentangled.

Tomasino, Barbara
Chiesa, Alberto
Fabbro, Franco
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

OBJECTIVE: The limited success of current smoking cessation therapies encourages research into new treatment strategies. Mind-body practices such as yoga and meditation have the potential to aid smoking cessation and become an alternative drug-free treatment option. The aim of this article is to assess the efficacy of yoga and other meditation-based interventions for smoking cessation, to identify the challenges of clinical trials applying mind-body treatments, and to outline directions for future research on these types of therapies to assist in smoking cessation.

Carim-Todd, Laura
Mitchell, Suzanne H.
Oken, Barry S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Stress is a global public health problem with several negative health consequences, including anxiety, depression, cardiovascular disease, and suicide. Mindfulness-based stress reduction offers an effective way of reducing stress by combining mindfulness meditation and yoga in an 8-week training program. The purpose of this study was to look at studies from January 2009 to January 2014 and examine whether mindfulness-based stress reduction is a potentially viable method for managing stress.

Sharma, Manoj
Rush, Sarah E.
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

Interoception can be broadly defined as the sense of signals originating within the body. As such, interoception is critical for our sense of embodiment, motivation, and well-being. And yet, despite its importance, interoception remains poorly understood within modern science. This paper reviews interdisciplinary perspectives on interoception, with the goal of presenting a unified perspective from diverse fields such as neuroscience, clinical practice, and contemplative studies.

Farb, Norman
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Price, Cynthia J.
Gard, Tim
Kerr, Catherine
Dunn, Barnaby D.
Klein, Anne Carolyn
Paulus, Martin P.
Mehling, Wolf E.
Publication Title: 

As school-based mindfulness and yoga programs gain popularity, the systematic study of fidelity of program implementation (FOI) is critical to provide a more robust understanding of the core components of mindfulness and yoga interventions, their potential to improve specified teacher and student outcomes, and our ability to implement these programs consistently and effectively.

Gould, Laura Feagans
Dariotis, Jacinda K.
Greenberg, Mark T.
Mendelson, Tamar
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to present a methodology incorporating existing guidelines and tools for systematic reviews and to evaluate the Delphi survey 33 key component recommendations of yoga interventions for musculoskeletal conditions as a tool for a systematic review in fibromyalgia studies. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched included PubMed, Ovid Medline, PsychINFO, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, ALT HealthWatch, PEDro, and Web of Science.

Fischer-White, Tamara G.
Anderson, Joel G.
Taylor, Ann Gill
Publication Title: 
Health Psychology Review

Yoga is increasingly used in clinical settings for a variety of mental and physical health issues, particularly stress-related illnesses and concerns, and has demonstrated promising efficacy. Yet the ways in which yoga reduces stress remain poorly understood. To examine the empirical evidence regarding the mechanisms through which yoga reduces stress, we conducted a systematic review of the literature, including any yoga intervention that measured stress as a primary dependent variable and tested a mechanism of the relationship with mediation.

Riley, Kristen E.
Park, Crystal L.


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