Motor Skills

Publication Title: 
Human Movement Science

This study aimed to continue our characterization of finger strength and multi-finger interactions across the lifespan to include those in their 60s and older. Building on our previous study of children, we examined young and elderly adults during isometric finger flexion and extension tasks. Sixteen young and 16 elderly, gender-matched participants produced maximum force using either a single finger or all four fingers in flexion and extension.

Author(s): 
Oliveira, Marcio A.
Hsu, Jeffrey
Park, Jaebum
Clark, Jane E.
Shim, Jae Kun
Publication Title: 
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

PURPOSE: Chemoneuropathy remains a painful, burdensome complication of cancer treatment for patients receiving a range of chemotherapeutics, yet the cause and persistence of this condition are not fully documented. This study was designed to quantify the longevity of and contributions to neuropathy following treatment with the plant alkaloids paclitaxel and vincristine.

Author(s): 
Boyette-Davis, Jessica A.
Cata, Juan P.
Driver, Larry C.
Novy, Diane M.
Bruel, Brian M.
Mooring, Deidre L.
Wendelschafer-Crabb, Gwen
Kennedy, William R.
Dougherty, Patrick M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Child Neurology

There is little consistency in the literature concerning factors that influence motor coordination in children. A hypothesis-free "exposome" approach was used with 7359 children using longitudinal information covering 3 generations in regard to throwing a ball accurately at age 7 years. The analyses showed an independent robust negative association with mother's unhappiness in her midchildhood (6-11 years). No such association was present for study fathers. The offspring of parents who described themselves as having poor eyesight had poorer ability.

Author(s): 
Golding, Jean
Gregory, Steven
Iles-Caven, Yasmin
Lingam, Raghu
Davis, John M.
Emmett, Pauline
Steer, Colin D.
Hibbeln, Joseph R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology
Author(s): 
Rosenhan, D.
London, P.
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills
Author(s): 
Ehrlich, N. J.
Publication Title: 
Research Quarterly
Author(s): 
Arnold, J.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Garver, R. B.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

The known sesquiterpene valeranone (= Yatamanson) was isolated from the subterranian parts of Nardostachys yatamansi (DC). It was pharmacologically investigated in animal experiments of sedative, tranquilizing and antihypertensive properties. In some experiments, typical for tranquilizers, certain activities could be demonstrated such as the prolongation of barbiturate hypnosis, the impairment of rotarod performance, an anticonvulsive activity on electric shock and potentiation of the body-temperature lowering activity of reserpine.

Author(s): 
Rücker, G.
Tautges, J.
Sieck, A.
Wenzl, H.
Graf, E.
Publication Title: 
Brain Research

Our experiments demonstrate that morphine and haloperidol produce two distinct and contrasting behavioral states, which can be thought of as exaggerated, isolated, and simplified forms of organized adaptive behavioral states functioning as components of normal motivated behavior. Haloperidol catalepsy constitutes an organized state in which tonic reactions subserving the maintenance of stable static equilibrium prevail, at the expense of phasic locomotor reactions.

Author(s): 
De Ryck, M.
Schallert, T.
Teitelbaum, P.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

Individual hypnotic inductions were administered to 80 right handers and 6 nonright handers. Lateral asymmetry in bodily responsiveness to suggestions was assessed. Overall, right handers were more responsive on the left than right side of the body. There was also a significant interaction between sex and eye (sighting) dominance on asymmetry in body response. Nonright handers were more responsive on the right side of the body. The findings support the view that among right handers hypnosis is associated with relatively greater right hemispheric activation.

Author(s): 
Sackeim, H. A.

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