Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is seen in approximately 5% of patients with AIDS. In recent years, the incidence has increased due to an extension of the average lifespan of HIV-infected individuals. In this article we describe the histological and clinical features of 45 patients with HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma seen at the Academic Medical Centre between 1984 and 1991. There were 43 men and 2 women with a median age of 40 years. Most patients had high-grade B-cell lymphoma; 85% had extranodal sites. Prognosis was poor: overall median survival was only 3.8 months.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence of and variables associated with clinically evident fat necrosis in women treated on a protocol of high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy alone without external-beam whole-breast irradiation for early-stage breast carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From 6/1997 until 8/1999, 30 women diagnosed with Stage I or II breast carcinoma underwent surgical excision and postoperative irradiation via HDR brachytherapy implant as part of a multi-institutional clinical Phase I/II protocol.
There is a considerable variation in individual lifespan among cancer patients with identical diagnosis. We used damped exponential approximation, which includes both single- and double-compartment extension, for radiobiological assessment of survival curves among cases of breast, lung and oro-pharyngeal cancer. It was shown that in certain cases (breast--T2N1-2M0T3N1-2M0 and oro-pharyngeal cancer--T2-4N1-3M0) the curves can be identified with the two compartments which in turn are associated with different rates of mortality.
The forkhead box proteins (FOXO proteins) comprise a large family of functionally diverse transcription factors involved in cellular proliferation, transformation, differentiation and longevity. Recently, ubiquitination and proteasome degradation of FOXO3a have been reported. In this study, we investigated the role of FOXO3a and Skp2 in human ovarian cancer. We detected the expression of FOXO3a and Skp2 in ovarian cancer by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and analyzed the relationship of FOXO3a and Skp2 with clinicopathological parameters, including prognosis.
Little is known both about how women suffering from breast cancer cope with their illness in the perioperative phase and about the ability of nurses to assess this. By means of the self-rating and external rating versions respectively of the Bernese Coping Modes (BEFO), it was determined how breast cancer patients cope with their illness during primary surgical therapy. External rating was carried out by the nurses and two researchers. The nurses' rating based on their daily care experiences, and the researcher's rating based on a half-standardized interview.
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
PURPOSE: Acupuncture is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modality that shows promise as a component of supportive breast cancer care. Lack of robust recruitment for clinical trial entry has limited the evidence base for acupuncture as a treatment modality among breast cancer survivors. The objective of this study is to identify key decision-making factors among breast cancer survivors considering entry into an acupuncture clinical trial for treatment of symptoms.
The effect of psychosocial intervention on time of survival of 86 patients with metastatic breast cancer was studied prospectively. The 1 year intervention consisted of weekly supportive group therapy with self-hypnosis for pain. Both the treatment (n = 50) and control groups (n = 36) had routine oncological care. At 10 year follow-up, only 3 of the patients were alive, and death records were obtained for the other 83.
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE: The use of complementary or alternative medicine (CAM) is growing among cancer patients. A Medline search failed to reveal any dedicated report of CAM use specifically in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). STUDY DESIGN: Use of CAM was evaluated in a cohort of treated HNC patients. METHODS: Patients treated for HNC were asked if they had used CAM since their diagnosis. Demographic data and data pertaining to mode of CAM, duration of treatment and effects were obtained. RESULTS: One hundred forty-three patients (mean age 61 years) were included.
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies among patients with cancer. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of two federally funded panel studies. SETTING: Urban and rural communities in the midwestern United States. SAMPLE: Patients with lung, breast, colon, or prostate cancer (N = 968) were interviewed at two points in time. 97% received conventional cancer treatment, and 30% used CAM. The sample was divided evenly between men and women, who ranged in age from 28-98; the majority was older than 60.
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether a group intervention including hypnosis can reduce cancer pain and trait hypnotizability would moderate these effects. DESIGN: This randomized clinical trial examined the effects of group therapy with hypnosis (supportive-expressive group therapy) plus education compared to an education-only control condition on pain over 12 months among 124 women with metastatic breast cancer. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain and suffering, frequency of pain, and degree of constant pain were assessed at baseline and 4-month intervals.