Oxidative Stress

Publication Title: 
Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the oxidative stress reduction and enhancement of antioxidant status following yogic practices, but a review has not been reported earlier. Present study is designed to systematically review the effect of yogic practices on oxidative stress and antioxidant status. Content Using the MEDLINE, EMBASE SCOPEMED, and Indian database electronic searches were performed through August 2016 using the keywords yoga AND oxidative stress OR antioxidant which yielded 97 studies.

Author(s): 
Pal, Rameswar
Gupta, Navin
Publication Title: 
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM

There is growing evidence that yoga may offer a safe and cost-effective intervention for Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (DM 2). However, systematic reviews are lacking. This article critically reviews the published literature regarding the effects of yoga-based programs on physiologic and anthropometric risk profiles and related clinical outcomes in adults with DM 2. We performed a comprehensive literature search using four computerized English and Indian scientific databases.

Author(s): 
Innes, Kim E.
Vincent, Heather K.
Publication Title: 
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapie

Embelia ribes (ER) has been documented in Ayurveda for treating various diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM). The present systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of ER and its active bio-marker, embelin and its derivatives in the treatment of DM. Literature search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Scifinder, and Google Scholar.

Author(s): 
Durg, Sharanbasappa
Veerapur, Veeresh P.
Neelima, Satrasala
Dhadde, Shivsharan B.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

OBJECTIVES: Withania somnifera has been in use for several thousand years in Ayurveda to treat various neurological disorders. There is, however, not much scientific data on its protective role in neuronal pathology specifically against brain oxidative stress. Hence, an attempt is made in this work for systematic review and meta-analysis of W. somnifera on neurobehavioural disorders induced by brain oxidative stress in rodents. METHODS: A systematic search of the effect of W. somnifera on brain oxidative stress-induced neuronal pathology was performed using electronic databases.

Author(s): 
Durg, Sharanbasappa
Dhadde, Shivsharan B.
Vandal, Ravichandra
Shivakumar, Badamaranahalli S.
Charan, Chabbanahalli S.
Publication Title: 
Phytotherapy research: PTR

The ethanol extract from the fruit of Terminalia chebula (Combretaceae) exhibited significant inhibitory activity on oxidative stress and the age-dependent shortening of the telomeric DNA length. In the peroxidation model using t-BuOOH, the T. chebula extract showed a notable cytoprotective effect on the HEK-N/F cells with 60.5 +/- 3.8% at a concentration of 50 microg/ml. In addition, the T. chebula extract exhibited a significant cytoprotective effect against UVB-induced oxidative damage.

Author(s): 
Na, MinKyun
Bae, KiHwan
Kang, Sam Sik
Min, Byung Sun
Yoo, Jae Kuk
Kamiryo, Yuko
Senoo, Yu-ichiro
Yokoo, Seiichi
Miwa, Nobuhiko
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics

Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of fruits of Terminalia chebula (500 mg/kg body wt, orally for 30 days) against isoproterenol-induced oxidative stress was investigated in rats. The levels of serum lipid peroxides, iron, ascorbic acid, vitamin E, plasma iron-binding capacity, and the activities of ceruloplasmin and glutathione were assayed, in addition to the activities of the antioxidant enzymes--glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S-transferase, superoxide dismutase and catalase in the heart tissue.

Author(s): 
Suchalatha, Subramaniyan
Srinivasulu, Chennam
Devi, Shyamala
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

The ripe fruit of Terminalia chebula RETZIUS (T. chebula RETZ) (Combretsceae), which is a native plant in India and Southeast Asia, has traditionally been used as a popular folk medicine for homeostatic, antitussive, laxative, diuretic, and cardiotonic treatments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of an aqueous extract of fruit of T. chebula on the tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative injury observed in cultured rat primary hepatocytes and rat liver. Both treatment and pretreatment of the hepatocytes with the T.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Won, Nam Hee
Kim, Kyoung Heon
Lee, Hojoung
Jun, Woojin
Lee, Kwang-Won
Publication Title: 
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

Stress is one of the basic factors in the etiology of number of diseases. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of Triphala (Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica and Emblica officinalis) on noise-stress induced alterations in the antioxidant status and on the cell-mediated immune response in Wistar strain male albino rats. Noise-stress employed in this study was 100 dB for 4 h/d/15 days and Triphala was used at a dose of 1 g/kg/b.w/48 days.

Author(s): 
Srikumar, Ramasundaram
Parthasarathy, Narayanaperumal Jeya
Manikandan, Sundaramagalingam
Narayanan, Govindarajulu Sathya
Sheeladevi, Rathinasamy
Publication Title: 
Human & Experimental Toxicology

Terminalia chebula Gertn. (Combetraceae) is an important herbal drug in Ayurvedic pharmacopea. In the present study, a 95% ethanolic extract of T. chebula (fruit) (TC extract), which was chemically characterized on the basis of chebuloside II as a marker, was investigated for hepatoprotective activity against anti-tuberculosis (anti-TB) drug-induced toxicity. TC extract was found to prevent the hepatotoxicity caused by the administration of rifampicin (RIF), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) (in combination) in a sub-chronic mode (12 weeks).

Author(s): 
Tasduq, S. A.
Singh, K.
Satti, N. K.
Gupta, D. K.
Suri, K. A.
Johri, R. K.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Toxicology

A hepatoprotective compound was isolated from the ethanolic extract of the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. by consecutive solvent partitioning, followed by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. The purified compound was identified as a mixture of chebulic acid and its minor isomer, neochebulic acid, with a ratio of 2:1 by spectroscopic analysis including 1D and 2D NMR and MS spectroscopy. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the protection of rat hepatocytes against oxidative toxicity by chebulic acid obtained from T. chebula Retz.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Jung, Sung-Hoon
Yun, Bong-Sik
Lee, Kwang-Won

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