Pain Measurement

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity.

Author(s): 
Geneen, Louise J.
Moore, R. Andrew
Clarke, Clare
Martin, Denis
Colvin, Lesley A.
Smith, Blair H.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

BACKGROUND: The scheduled update to the German S3 guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies ("Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften", AWMF; registration number 041/004) was planned starting in March 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development of the guidelines was coordinated by the German Interdisciplinary Association for Pain Therapy ("Deutsche Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Schmerztherapie", DIVS), 9 scientific medical societies and 2 patient self-help organizations.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Bernardy, K.
Lucius, H.
Settan, M.
Winkelmann, A.
Musial, F.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity.

Author(s): 
Geneen, Louise J.
Moore, R. Andrew
Clarke, Clare
Martin, Denis
Colvin, Lesley A.
Smith, Blair H.
Publication Title: 
The Clinical Journal of Pain

OBJECTIVES: To systematically review and meta-analyze the effectiveness of yoga for low back pain. METHODS: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CAMBASE, and PsycINFO, were screened through January 2012. Randomized controlled trials comparing yoga to control conditions in patients with low back pain were included. Two authors independently assessed risk of bias using the risk of bias tool recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group. Main outcome measures were pain, back-specific disability, generic disability, health-related quality of life, and global improvement.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Haller, Heidemarie
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain is a significant concern in people with chronic wounds. A systematized approach is recommended for the management of wound-associated pain with the objectives to address pain relief, increase function, and restore overall quality of life. RECENT FINDINGS: Combinations of pharmacological agents are often recommended based on varying degree of pain severity, coexisting nociceptive and neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation related to wound-associated pain.

Author(s): 
Woo, Kevin Y.
Abbott, Laura K.
Librach, Lawrence
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

BACKGROUND: The scheduled update to the German S3 guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) by the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies ("Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften", AWMF; registration number 041/004) was planned starting in March 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development of the guidelines was coordinated by the German Interdisciplinary Association for Pain Therapy ("Deutsche Interdisziplinären Vereinigung für Schmerztherapie", DIVS), 9 scientific medical societies and 2 patient self-help organizations.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Bernardy, K.
Lucius, H.
Settan, M.
Winkelmann, A.
Musial, F.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften
Publication Title: 
Pain

Acceptance-based interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction program and acceptance and commitment therapy are alternative therapies for cognitive behavioral therapy for treating chronic pain patients. To assess the effects of acceptance-based interventions on patients with chronic pain, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled and noncontrolled studies reporting effects on mental and physical health of pain patients. All studies were rated for quality. Primary outcome measures were pain intensity and depression.

Author(s): 
Veehof, Martine M.
Oskam, Maarten-Jan
Schreurs, Karlein M. G.
Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

The importance of psychological skills training (PST) in the development of athletic performance is widely recognized. This paper is a comprehensive review of PST in elite sports, with a special focus on high-intensity sports (HIS). The reviewed literature showed a lack of convincing evidence and theoretical underpinning concerning traditional psychological skills to enhance performance in HIS. Therefore, a model with three conceptual levels (psychological demands, skills and techniques) is presented.

Author(s): 
Birrer, D.
Morgan, G.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: It is estimated that 1 in 5 children in the United States is affected by chronic pain. Increasing adaptive coping strategies and decreasing stress may be important in treatment. Research has suggested that mindfulness can help alleviate symptoms associated with medical illnesses and increase quality of life. Little is known about the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in youth, partly due to insufficient methodological rigor in related studies.

Author(s): 
Jastrowski Mano, Kristen E.
Salamon, Katherine S.
Hainsworth, Keri R.
Anderson Khan, Kimberly J.
Ladwig, Renee J.
Davies, W. Hobart
Weisman, Steven J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Sexual Medicine

INTRODUCTION: Optimal management of provoked vestibulodynia (PVD), thought to be the most common form of chronic dyspareunia, is unclear. AIM: To integrate recent brain data on chronic pain circuitry with stress-induced neuroendocrine mechanisms in the skin and the stress burden (allostatic load) of women with PVD; to also clarify the typical chronicity and negative sexual sequelae associated with PVD; and then review modulation of pain circuitry by cognitive therapy and mindfulness practice and apply to PVD management. Methods.?

Author(s): 
Basson, Rosemary

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