Personality

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

This qualitative study provides a comprehensive account of the social and life experiences and strategies and personality attributes that characterize exceptional longevity (living to 100 or over). It is based on nine semi-structured interviews of relatively healthy and functional Greek centenarians of both sexes. The analytic approach was thematic and based on grounded theory. We found that our participants were characterized by selectiveness in their socializing with other people and tendency to avoid conflicts.

Author(s): 
Darviri, Christina
Demakakos, Panayotes
Tigani, Xanthi
Charizani, Fotini
Tsiou, Chrysoula
Tsagkari, Christina
Chliaoutakis, Joannes
Monos, Dimitrios
Publication Title: 
BMC geriatrics

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are exceptional ageing paradigms, offering valuable information on achieving longevity. Although, there are several studies examining different biomedical factors as determinants of longevity in centenarians, little is known about gender differences with respect to personality traits and health locus of control. METHODS: Nation -wide study carried out in Greece, between 2007 and 2010. Our final sample of analysis consisted of 400 centenarians who reported on sociodemographic, disease-related and personality factors and health locus of control (HLC).

Author(s): 
Tigani, Xanthi
Artemiadis, Artemios K.
Alexopoulos, Evangelos C.
Chrousos, George P.
Darviri, Christina
Publication Title: 
Aging

Centenarians have been reported to share particular personality traits including low neuroticism and high extraversion and conscientiousness. Since these traits have moderate to high heritability and are associated with various health outcomes, personality appears linked to bio-genetic mechanisms which may contribute to exceptional longevity.

Author(s): 
Kato, Kaori
Zweig, Richard
Barzilai, Nir
Atzmon, Gil
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

Of the 75 patients in the February 1977 "class" at the Longevity Research Institute, Santa Barbara, California, 11 volunteers were pre- and posttested (21- to 23-day intervals) with the MMPI, 13 with the California Psychological Inventory, and 17 with four subtests of the WAIS (total: 21 males, 10 females). Ten of the (total) 32 scales showed changes in the predicted, favorable direction, statistically significant at the .05 level or better by t test.

Author(s): 
Merzbacher, C. F.
Publication Title: 
Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics

The oldest man in Japan reached the age of 112 years in October 1996. As an Okinawan centenarians, he had been followed closely for the previous 12 years. One sister, 8 years younger, was alive at the start of the study; all other family members were killed in the Okinawan War, 1945. The man did agricultural work until age 85, after which he continued to be physically active and to pay close attention to his health. Results of medical examinations, including blood tests, remained within the normal limits, with a few exceptions.

Author(s): 
Akisaka, M.
Tanaka, Y.
Suzuki, M.
Publication Title: 
The Johns Hopkins Medical Letter Health After 50
Publication Title: 
JAAPA: official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Author(s): 
Lyell, Dianna
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

The combination of less positive and more negative expectations for the future (i.e., lower optimism and higher pessimism) increases risk for disease and early mortality. We tested the possibility that expectancies might influence health outcomes by altering the rate of biological aging, specifically of the immune system (immunosenescence). However, no studies to date have examined associations between optimism or pessimism and indicators of immunosenescence such as leukocyte telomere length (TL) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, A.
Lin, J.
Tillie, J.
Tillie, J. M.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Wolkowitz, O.
Blackburn, E. H.
Blackburn, E.
Epel, E. S.
Epel, E.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

The combination of less positive and more negative expectations for the future (i.e., lower optimism and higher pessimism) increases risk for disease and early mortality. We tested the possibility that expectancies might influence health outcomes by altering the rate of biological aging, specifically of the immune system (immunosenescence). However, no studies to date have examined associations between optimism or pessimism and indicators of immunosenescence such as leukocyte telomere length (TL) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels.

Author(s): 
O'Donovan, A.
Lin, J.
Tillie, J.
Tillie, J. M.
Dhabhar, F. S.
Wolkowitz, O. M.
Wolkowitz, O.
Blackburn, E. H.
Blackburn, E.
Epel, E. S.
Epel, E.
Publication Title: 
Genes, Brain, and Behavior

The results of a large body of candidate gene studies of behavioural and psychiatric phenotypes have been largely inconclusive, with most findings failing to replicate reliably.

Author(s): 
MunafÚ, M. R.

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