Psychotherapy

Publication Title: 
The Psychiatric Clinics of North America

The two specialty psychological therapies of CBT and IPT remain the treatments of choice for the full range of BED patients, particularly those with high levels of specific eating disorder psychopathology such as overvaluation of body shape and weight. They produce the greatest degree of remission from binge eating as well as improvement in specific eating disorder psychopathology and associated general psychopathology such as depression. The CBT protocol evaluated in the research summarized above was the original manual from Fairburn and colleagues.

Author(s): 
Wilson, G. Terence
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse

Relapse is common in substance use disorders (SUDs), even among treated individuals. The goal of this article was to systematically review the existing evidence on mindfulness meditation-based interventions (MM) for SUDs. The comprehensive search for and review of literature found over 2000 abstracts and resulted in 25 eligible manuscripts (22 published, 3 unpublished: 8 randomized controlled trials, 7 controlled nonrandomized, 6 noncontrolled prospective, and 2 qualitative studies, and 1 case report).

Author(s): 
Zgierska, Aleksandra
Rabago, David
Chawla, Neharika
Kushner, Kenneth
Koehler, Robert
Marlatt, Alan
Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Psychiatry

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes research and commentaries on psychotherapy for adults with intellectual disabilities published since 2008. RECENT FINDINGS: There have been very few empirical studies of the effectiveness of psychotherapy in this context over recent years despite a strong perception that such approaches are not only necessary but also of great value. There have been some interesting, though so far only suggestive, findings concerning the relationship between intellectual level and suitability for treatment, primarily with cognitive behavioural therapy.

Author(s): 
Flynn, Andrew G.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are physical symptoms for which no adequate medical explanation can be found after proper examination. The presence of MUPS is the key feature of conditions known as 'somatoform disorders'. Various psychological and physical therapies have been developed to treat somatoform disorders and MUPS. Although there are several reviews on non-pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders and MUPS, a complete overview of the whole spectrum is missing.

Author(s): 
van Dessel, Nikki
den Boeft, Madelon
van der Wouden, Johannes C.
Kleinstäuber, Maria
Leone, Stephanie S.
Terluin, Berend
Numans, Mattijs E.
van der Horst, Henriëtte E.
van Marwijk, Harm
Publication Title: 
Frontiers in Psychology

BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that treating pain is crucial for effective care within neurological rehabilitation in the setting of the neurological rehabilitation. The Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation was constituted with the purpose identifying best practices for us in this context. Along with drug therapies and physical interventions, psychological treatments have been proven to be some of the most valuable tools that can be used within a multidisciplinary approach for fostering a reduction in pain intensity.

Author(s): 
Castelnuovo, Gianluca
Giusti, Emanuele M.
Manzoni, Gian Mauro
Saviola, Donatella
Gatti, Arianna
Gabrielli, Samantha
Lacerenza, Marco
Pietrabissa, Giada
Cattivelli, Roberto
Spatola, Chiara A. M.
Corti, Stefania
Novelli, Margherita
Villa, Valentina
Cottini, Andrea
Lai, Carlo
Pagnini, Francesco
Castelli, Lorys
Tavola, Mario
Torta, Riccardo
Arreghini, Marco
Zanini, Loredana
Brunani, Amelia
Capodaglio, Paolo
D'Aniello, Guido E.
Scarpina, Federica
Brioschi, Andrea
Priano, Lorenzo
Mauro, Alessandro
Riva, Giuseppe
Repetto, Claudia
Regalia, Camillo
Molinari, Enrico
Notaro, Paolo
Paolucci, Stefano
Sandrini, Giorgio
Simpson, Susan G.
Wiederhold, Brenda
Tamburin, Stefano
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

Research has consistently demonstrated a link between the experience of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult health conditions, including mental and physical health problems. While a focus on the prevention or mitigation of adversity in childhood is an important direction of many programs, many individuals do not access support services until adulthood, when health problems may be fairly engrained. It is not clear which interventions have the strongest evidence base to support the many adults who present to services with a history of ACEs.

Author(s): 
Korotana, Laurel M.
Dobson, Keith S.
Pusch, Dennis
Josephson, Trevor
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Psychology

The mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program was designed to be long enough for participants to grasp the principles of self-regulation through mindfulness and develop skill and autonomy in mindfulness practice. It traditionally consists of 26 hours of session time including eight classes of 2-1/2 hours and an all-day class. The circumstances of some groups exclude them from participating in this standard form and a number of trials have evaluated programs with abbreviated class time.

Author(s): 
Carmody, James
Baer, Ruth A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Mind-body interventions are based on the holistic principle that mind, body and behaviour are all interconnected. Mind-body interventions incorporate strategies that are thought to improve psychological and physical well-being, aim to allow patients to take an active role in their treatment, and promote people's ability to cope. Mind-body interventions are widely used by people with fibromyalgia to help manage their symptoms and improve well-being.

Author(s): 
Theadom, Alice
Cropley, Mark
Smith, Helen E.
Feigin, Valery L.
McPherson, Kathryn
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

A significant proportion of physicians and medical trainees experience stress-related anxiety and burnout resulting in increased absenteeism and disability, decreased patient satisfaction, and increased rates of medical errors. A review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at addressing stress, anxiety, and burnout in physicians and medical trainees. Twelve studies involving 1034 participants were included in three meta-analyses.

Author(s): 
Regehr, Cheryl
Glancy, Dylan
Pitts, Annabel
LeBlanc, Vicki R.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) has revised its 2009 guidelines for the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults by updating the evidence and recommendations. The target audiences for these 2016 guidelines are psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Parikh, Sagar V.
Quilty, Lena C.
Ravitz, Paula
Rosenbluth, Michael
Pavlova, Barbara
Grigoriadis, Sophie
Velyvis, Vytas
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Ravindran, Arun V.
Uher, Rudolf
CANMAT Depression Work Group

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