Psychotherapy

Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common and significant health problem that has been linked to decreased quality of life. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can be a potentially effective intervention for insomnia. In previous systematic review examining the effects of MBSR for people with sleep disturbance, the authors highlighted the need for additional well-designed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effects of MBSR practice. Recently, several RCTs of the effectiveness of MBSR for individuals who have difficulties in sleep have been published.

Author(s): 
Kim, Seong Min
Park, Jeong Min
Seo, Hyun-Ju
Publication Title: 
International Clinical Psychopharmacology

To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia). Pre-post and treated versus control effect sizes (ES) were calculated for all evaluable randomized-controlled studies (n = 234), involving 37,333 patients.

Author(s): 
Bandelow, Borwin
Reitt, Markus
Röver, Christian
Michaelis, Sophie
Görlich, Yvonne
Wedekind, Dirk
Publication Title: 
Revista Colombiana De Psiquiatria

INTRODUCTION: The phantom limb pain has been described as a condition in which patients experience a feeling of itching, spasm or pain in a limb or body part that has been previously amputated. Such pain can be induced by a conflict between the representation of the visual and proprioceptive feedback of the previously healthy limb. The phantom limb pain occurs in at least 42 to 90% of amputees. Regular drug treatment of phantom limb pain is almost never effective.

Author(s): 
Cárdenas, Katherine
Aranda, Mariana
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal enuresis (bedwetting) is a socially disruptive and stressful condition which affects around 15 to 20% of five year olds, and up to 2% of young adults. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of complementary interventions and others such as surgery or diet on nocturnal enuresis in children, and to compare them with other interventions.

Author(s): 
Glazener, C. M. A.
Evans, J. H. C.
Cheuk, D. K. L.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

In a systematic review of the efficacy of interventions intended to help people stop smoking, data have been analyzed from 188 randomized controlled trials. Following personal advice and encouragement to stop smoking given by physicians during a single routine consultation, an estimated 2% (95% confidence limits, 1%, 3%; P < .001) of all smokers stopped smoking and did not relapse up to 1 year as a direct consequence of the advice. The effect is modest but cost-effective: the cost of saving a life is about $1500.

Author(s): 
Law, M.
Tang, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie

Studies investigating the effects of adjunctive psychological interventions to surgical routine care are summarized as a narrative review of existing meta-analyses. Primary studies evaluate the effects of the provision of information, supportive approaches, coping skills training, behavioural instructions, cognitive-behavioural strategies, relaxation, and hypnosis. The meta-analyses include studies of different methodological quality, also considering non-randomized trials, and indicate small to large effects depending on the type of intervention and outcome measure.

Author(s): 
Tefikow, Susan
Rosendahl, Jenny
Strauß, Bernhard
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Psychology

OBJECTIVE: To review the empirical research examining behavioral treatments for recurrent pediatric headache. METHODS: Thirty-one investigations published after 1980 were reviewed using predetermined criteria to evaluate the adequacy of research methodologies. A modification of criteria proposed for evaluating the efficacy of psychological interventions for adults (Task Force on Promotion and Dissemination of Psychological Procedures, 1995) was used to evaluate the adequacy of evidence available for individual intervention strategies.

Author(s): 
Holden, E. W.
Deichmann, M. M.
Levy, J. D.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: Reported cases of multiple personality disorder have increased dramatically in the last decade. Few data are available on the treatment of multiple personality disorder. Current recommendations are based on the experience of individual clinicians rather than on systematic research. METHOD: A questionnaire study of 305 clinicians representing a spectrum of mental health professionals was conducted to survey the types and relative efficacy of treatment modalities currently used with cases of multiple personality disorder.

Author(s): 
Putnam, F. W.
Loewenstein, R. J.
Publication Title: 
Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this Cochrane Review was to establish the evidence base for treatment of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures. METHODS: Six hundred eight references were identified using a search strategy designed with the support of the Cochrane Review Epilepsy Group library. The search employed Medline and PsychInfo, and included hand searches of relevant journals (Seizure, Epilepsia, Epilepsy &Behavior, Epilepsy Research). RESULTS: Three studies were found that met the inclusion criteria; two used hypnosis and one used paradoxical therapy.

Author(s): 
Brooks, Jayne L.
Goodfellow, Laura
Bodde, Nynke M. G.
Aldenkamp, Albert
Baker, Gus A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Milton H. Erickson's approach to hypnosis and psychotherapy has established itself as a therapeutic paradigm in recent years. As its popularity grows, however, myths and misconceptions about his approach have also emerged. Some of them claim falsely that Erickson's therapy consists of nothing more than a set of quick, symptom-management formulae. To understand Erickson's hypnotic psychotherapy in a proper context, a systematic review is warranted.

Author(s): 
Otani, A.

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