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Publication Title: 
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Behavioural and psychological symptoms (BPSD) are frequent in people with Alzheimer's disease and cause considerable stress to patients and their carers. Antipsychotics have been widely used as a first-line treatment, resulting in an estimated 1,800 excess strokes and 1,600 excess deaths in the UK alone. Safe and effective alternatives are urgently needed. Based upon preliminary evidence from clinical trials, aromatherapy with melissa oil may be such an alternative, but initial studies have been modest in size, and adequate blinding has been problematic.

Author(s): 
Burns, Alistair
Perry, Elaine
Holmes, Clive
Francis, Paul
Morris, Julie
Howes, Melanie-Jayne R.
Chazot, Paul
Lees, George
Ballard, Clive
Publication Title: 
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acupuncture may be a promising treatment for poststroke paralysis. We conducted a meta-analysis, assessing the efficacy of acupuncture with and without stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: We identified randomized trials comparing acupuncture with no acupuncture within 6 months of stroke by searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Chinese medical literature databases. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, patient characteristics, and impairment and disability outcomes.

Author(s): 
Sze, Frank Kai-hoi
Wong, Eric
Or, Kevin K. H.
Lau, Joseph
Woo, Jean
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Low back pain and its associated incapacitating effects constitute an important healthcare and socioeconomic problem, as well as being one of the main causes of disability among adults of working age. The prevalence of non-specific low back pain is very high among the general population, and 60-70% of adults are believed to have suffered this problem at some time. Nevertheless, few randomised clinical trials have been made of the efficacy and efficiency of acupuncture with respect to acute low back pain.

Author(s): 
Vas, Jorge
Perea-Milla, Emilio
Méndez, Camila
Silva, Luis Carlos
Herrera Galante, Antonia
Aranda Regules, Jose Manuel
Martinez Barquin, Dulce M.
Aguilar, Inmaculada
Faus, Vicente
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: Evidence supports the use of exercise for chronic low back pain (CLBP); however, adherence is often poor due to ongoing pain. Auricular acupuncture is a form of pain relief involving the stimulation of points on the outer ear corresponding with specific body parts. It may be a useful adjunct to exercise in managing CLBP; however, there is only limited evidence to support its use with this patient group.

Author(s): 
McDonough, S. M.
Liddle, S. D.
Hunter, R.
Walsh, D. M.
Glasgow, P.
Gormley, G.
Hurley, D.
Delitto, A.
Park, J.
Bradbury, I.
Baxter, G. D.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Venous leg ulcers constitute a chronic recurring complaint that affects 1.0-1.3% of the adult population at some time in life, and which corresponds to approximately 75% of all chronic ulcers of the leg. Multilayer compression bandaging is, at present, the only treatment that has been proved to be effective in treating this type of ulcer.

Author(s): 
Vas, Jorge
Modesto, Manuela
Méndez, Camila
Perea-Milla, Emilio
Aguilar, Inmaculada
Carrasco-Lozano, Jesus Manuel
Faus, Vicente
Martos, Francisco
Publication Title: 
BMC musculoskeletal disorders

BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that acupuncture for pain and osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is more than a placebo, and short term clinical benefits have been observed when acupuncture is compared to usual care. However there is insufficient evidence on whether clinical benefits of acupuncture are sustained over the longer term. In this study our key objectives are to inform the design parameters for a fully powered pragmatic randomised controlled trial.

Author(s): 
Lansdown, Harriet
Howard, Katie
Brealey, Stephen
MacPherson, Hugh
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a major health problem and has significant mortality around the world. Although the symptoms can be controlled by drug treatment in most patients, effective low-risk, non-drug strategies could constitute a significant advance in asthma management. An increasing number of patients with asthma are attracted by acupuncture and moxibustion. Therefore, it is of importance that scientific evidence about the efficacy of this type of therapy is regarded. Our past researches suggested heat-sensitive moxibustion might be effective in treatment of asthma.

Author(s): 
Chen, Rixin
Chen, Mingren
Xiong, Jun
Yi, Fan
Chi, Zhenhai
Zhang, Bo
Publication Title: 
Statistics in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To investigate major methods of design and statistical analysis in controlled clinical acupuncture trials published in the West during the past six years (2003-2009) and, based on this analysis, to provide recommendations that address methodological issues and challenges in clinical acupuncture research. METHOD: PubMed was searched for acupuncture RCTs published in Western journals in English between 2003 and 2009. The keyword used was acupuncture.

Author(s): 
Shuai, Ping
Zhou, Xiao-Hua
Lao, Lixing
Li, Xiaosong
Publication Title: 
Trials

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem in modern society, with 70-85% of the population experiencing LBP at some time in their lives. Each year, 5-10% of the workforce misses work due to LBP, most for less than 7 days. Almost 10% of all patients are at risk of developing chronic pain and disability. Little clinical evidence is available for the majority of treatments used in LBP therapy. However, moderate evidence exists for interdisciplinary rehabilitation, exercise, acupuncture, spinal manipulation, and cognitive behavioral therapy for subacute and chronic LBP.

Author(s): 
Buselli, Paolo
Bosoni, Roberto
Busè, Gabriella
Fasoli, Paola
La Scala, Elide
Mazzolari, Rita
Zanetti, Federica
Messina, Sara
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases, including bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis, allergic rhinitis and repeated respiratory tract infection (RRTL) in infants, exacerbate frequently in winter because of respiratory viral infections and low temperature. Summer acupoint application therapy (SAAT) is thought to be effective in reducing exacerbation frequency of chronic lung diseases in winter. It is a kind of therapy using a herbal mixture for external application on special acupoints during summer.

Author(s): 
Peng, Jin
Wu, Xia-qiu
He, Li-Yun
Fang, Yi-Gong
Zi, Ming-jie
Yan, Shi-yan
Liu, Bao-Yan

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