Suggestion

Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Suggestive interventions such as hypnosis and therapeutic suggestions are frequently used to alleviate surgical side effects; however, the effectiveness of therapeutic suggestion intervention has not yet been systematically evaluated.

Author(s): 
Kekecs, Zoltán
Nagy, Tamás
Varga, Katalin
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Hypnotic suggestibility has been described as a powerful predictor of outcomes associated with hypnotic interventions. However, there have been no systematic approaches to quantifying this effect across the literature. This meta-analysis evaluates the magnitude of the effect of hypnotic suggestibility on hypnotic outcomes in clinical settings. PsycINFO and PubMed were searched from their inception through July 2009. Thirty-four effects from 10 studies and 283 participants are reported.

Author(s): 
Montgomery, Guy H.
Schnur, Julie B.
David, Daniel
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Milton H. Erickson's approach to hypnosis and psychotherapy has established itself as a therapeutic paradigm in recent years. As its popularity grows, however, myths and misconceptions about his approach have also emerged. Some of them claim falsely that Erickson's therapy consists of nothing more than a set of quick, symptom-management formulae. To understand Erickson's hypnotic psychotherapy in a proper context, a systematic review is warranted.

Author(s): 
Otani, A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Hot flashes are a significant problem for many breast cancer survivors and can cause discomfort, insomnia, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. In the past, the standard treatment for hot flashes has been hormone replacement therapy. However, recent research has found an increased risk of breast cancer in women receiving hormone replacement therapy. As a result, many menopausal women and breast cancer survivors reject hormone replacement therapy and many women want non-pharmacological treatment.

Author(s): 
Elkins, Gary
Marcus, Joel
Palamara, Lynne
Stearns, Vered
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Meta-analyses consistently reveal that most of the response to antidepressant treatment can be obtained by placebo, and the difference between response to the drug and the response to any treatment is not clinically significant for most individuals diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Furthermore, the best predictor of antidepressant efficacy is the response to placebo during the so-called placebo run-in period. It can also be shown that a significant portion of the placebo effect is expectancy. These data thus indicate that suggestion is a central factor in treating depression.

Author(s): 
Kirsch, Irving
Low, Carol B.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

This article summarizes the search for efficacious hypnotic treatments. Eighteen major meta analyses were reviewed and the results evaluated using the criteria of Chambless & Hollon, (1998). The analysis identified 32 disorders for which hypnosis can be considered a possible treatment, 5 for which it seems effective, and 2 for which it appears specific.

Author(s): 
Wark, David M.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Six papers of special interest to the hypnosis community have recently appeared in the general scientific literatures. Three of these papers were published as part of the 2006 Cochrane Collaboration on the utility of medical interventions. These reviews analyze the research literature on the efficacy of hypnosis for treatment of needle-related pain in children, pain management during childbirth, and conversion disorder.

Author(s): 
Barabasz, Arreed
Perez, Nicole
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases of the western world and has significant effects on patients' health and quality of life. Asthma is typically treated with pharmaceutical products, but there is interest in finding nonpharmaceutical therapies for this condition. Hypnosis has been used clinically to treat a variety of disorders that are refractive to pharmaceutical-based therapies, including asthma, but relatively little attention has been given recently to the use of clinical hypnosis as a standard treatment for asthma.

Author(s): 
Hackman, R. M.
Stern, J. S.
Gershwin, M. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

This article reviews controlled trials of hypnotic treatment for chronic pain in terms of: (1) analyses comparing the effects of hypnotic treatment to six types of control conditions; (2) component analyses; and (3) predictor analyses. The findings indicate that hypnotic analgesia produces significantly greater decreases in pain relative to no-treatment and to some non-hypnotic interventions such as medication management, physical therapy, and education/advice.

Author(s): 
Jensen, Mark
Patterson, David R.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

This study systematically reviews the hypnosis apps available via iTunes that were compatible with iPhone or iPad. Of 1455 apps identified on iTunes, 407 met inclusion criteria and were further reviewed. Most common hypnosis app targets were weight loss (23%), boosting self-esteem (20%), and relaxation/stress reduction (19%); 83% of apps delivered hypnosis via audio track, and 37% allowed tailoring. Less than 14% of apps reported disclaimers. None of the apps reported having been tested for efficacy, and none reported being evidence based.

Author(s): 
Sucala, Madalina
Schnur, Julie B.
Glazier, Kimberly
Miller, Sarah J.
Green, Joseph P.
Montgomery, Guy H.

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