Survival Rate

Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

BACKGROUND: Due to the limitations and side effects of conventional cancer treatment, especially in relation to quality of life (QOL), patients are increasingly utilizing complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to supplement health-related outcomes. However, evidence for the safety and efficacy of such treatments is lacking. The purpose of the current review was to investigate evidence for the role of one CAM, medical Qigong (MQ), in supportive care. METHODS: The literature was searched for reported effects of MQ in improving QOL, immune function, and survival in cancer patients.

Oh, Byeongsang
Butow, Phyllis
Mullan, Barbara
Hale, Amanda
Lee, Myeong Soo
Guo, Xinfeng
Clarke, Stephen
Publication Title: 
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation

A number of randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for stroke recovery were critically reviewed, beginning with an existing systematic review and meta-analysis. A number of these clinical studies suffered from methodological flaws that tended to obscure and reduce the reported effect size. These flaws included inadequate statistical analysis, failure to adequately account for differences in baseline stroke severity, and the use of an inadequate posttreatment assessment period.

Shiflett, Samuel C.
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) causes inflammation in multiple organs of chickens called avian colibacillosis, and results in serious economic loss to the chicken industry. Polyphenolic compounds possess a wide range of physiological activities that may contribute to their beneficial effects against inflammation-related diseases. In this study, the curative effect and mechanism of action of the polyphenolic extracts from Punica granatum L. and Terminalia chebula Retz. in chickens challenged with APEC were studied.

Zhong, Xinlu
Shi, Yaran
Chen, Jiajia
Xu, Jianqing
Wang, Lei
Beier, Ross C.
Hou, Xiaolin
Liu, Fenghua
Publication Title: 

BACKGROUND: Among patients with well differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma who generally have an excellent prognosis and a near-normal lifespan, there exist subsets of patients who have significant risk for morbidity and mortality from this disease. It is important to define the patterns of disease progression and the clinical outcome of such patients to develop effective surveillance and treatment strategies.

Vassilopoulou-Sellin, R.
Schultz, P. N.
Haynie, T. P.
Publication Title: 
Cancer Investigation

Paclitaxel is an active agent for adenocarcinomas and squamous cell carcinomas of the esophagus and is a radiation sensitizer. We sought to investigate the toxicity and complete response rate of paclitaxel, cisplatin, and concurrent radiation for esophageal cancer. Forty-one patients with esophageal cancer were studied, 29 with adenocarcinomas and 12 with squamous cell cancers. Twelve patients had tumor extension into the proximal stomach and/or abdominal adenopathy.

Safran, H.
Gaissert, H.
Akerman, P.
Hesketh, P. J.
Chen, M. H.
Moore, T.
Koness, J.
Graziano, S.
Wanebo, H. J.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

In investigating the role of metal ions in the pathogenesis of Huntington's disease, we examined the effects of clioquinol, a metal-binding compound currently in clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease treatment, on mutant huntingtin-expressing cells. We found that PC12 cells expressing polyglutamine-expanded huntingtin exon 1 accumulated less mutant protein and showed decreased cell death when treated with clioquinol. This effect was polyglutamine-length-specific and did not alter mRNA levels or protein degradation rates.

Nguyen, Trent
Hamby, Aaron
Massa, Stephen M.
Publication Title: 
Recenti Progressi in Medicina

Cigarette smoking has been clearly linked to the most common causes of death in the elderly and contributes to the higher death rate and disability rate associated with many chronic illnesses that are common in this age group. The combination of smoking along with other risk factors like hypertension and diabetes increase high frequency disease, and disability as well as adding to an increase in mortality rate.

Cicconetti, Paolo
Tafaro, Laura
Tedeschi, Gianluca
Tombolillo, Maria Teresa
Ursino, Rita
Marigliano, Vincenzo
Publication Title: 
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Supplement

In Western countries data from clinical and epidemiological studies have induced the public health offices to promote a great deal of advertising and informative campaigning for smoking reduction. Cigarette smoking has been clearly linked to the most common causes of death in the elderly and contributes to the higher death rate and disability rate associated with many chronic illnesses that are common in this age group.

Tafaro, L.
Cicconetti, P.
Tedeschi, G.
Baratta, A.
Ursino, R.
Ettorre, E.
Marigliano, V.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Okinawa, an isolated island prefecture of Japan, has among the highest prevalence of exceptionally long-lived individuals in the world; therefore, we hypothesized that, within this population, genes that confer a familial survival advantage might have clustered. We analyzed the pedigrees of 348 centenarian families with 1142 siblings and compared sibling survival with that of the 1890 Okinawan general population cohort. Both male and female centenarian siblings experienced approximately half the mortality of their birth cohort-matched counterparts.

Willcox, Bradley J.
Willcox, D. Craig
He, Qimei
Curb, J. David
Suzuki, Makoto
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Recently, chromosome 4q25 was linked to exceptional human longevity, and a haplotype of the positional candidate microsomal transfer protein (MTP) gene was associated to the phenotype in U.S. Caucasians. We investigated whether linkage to 4q25 could be detected in 164 nonagenarian sibships of the Leiden Longevity Study. Additionally, we compared the MTP -493G/T and Q95H allele and haplotype frequencies in the Leiden Longevity Study (379 nonagenarians, 525 of their offspring, and 251 partners of their offspring) and in the Leiden 85-Plus Study (655 octogenarians and 244 young controls).

Beekman, Marian
Blauw, Gerard Jan
Houwing-Duistermaat, Jeanine J.
Brandt, Bernd W.
Westendorp, Rudi G. J.
Slagboom, P. Eline


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