Administration, Oral

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome is frequently offered to those with mild to moderate symptoms. The effectiveness and duration of benefit from non-surgical treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome versus a placebo or other non-surgical, control interventions in improving clinical outcome.

Author(s): 
O'Connor, D.
Marshall, S.
Massy-Westropp, N.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a very common chronic illness affecting 10% to 40% of children worldwide and its prevalence among children has significantly increased over the last two decades. Prevalence and severity are related to age, with children of school age most commonly affected. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and adverse event profile of antihistamines (oral or topical) used as an adjunct to topical nasal steroids for intermittent and persistent allergic rhinitis in children.

Author(s): 
Nasser, Mona
Fedorowicz, Zbys
Aljufairi, Hamad
McKerrow, William
Publication Title: 
CNS drugs

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a broad concept, but the key elements include the incorporation of clinical judgment (which requires clinical experience) together with relevant scientific evidence while remaining mindful of the individual patient's values and preferences.

Author(s): 
Citrome, Leslie
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

Non-pharmaceutical procedures are increasingly being used in pediatric pain therapy in addition to pharmaceutical procedures and have a supporting function. This article describes the non-pharmaceutical procedures which have an influence on perioperative and posttraumatic pain in children and adolescents. Prerequisites for every adequate pain therapy are affection, imparting a feeling of security, distraction and the creation of a child-oriented environment. Topical analgesics are indicated for application to intact skin for surface anesthesia.

Author(s): 
Messerer, B.
Krauss-Stoisser, B.
Urlesberger, B.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative interventions are becoming increasingly utilized as adjuncts to conventional treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD). While the number of studies continues to grow, the vastness of the subject coupled with the relatively poor quality and small size of the studies limit their usefulness to clinicians. PURPOSE: Our aim was to comprehensively review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of complementary and alternative therapies for AD.

Author(s): 
Vieira, Brittany L.
Lim, Neil R.
Lohman, Mary E.
Lio, Peter A.
Publication Title: 
Clinical Therapeutics

BACKGROUND: In view of the high rates of off-label and unlicensed prescribing of drugs in children, the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Union have implemented legislative regulations for the pharmaceutical industry to increase the number of drugs with approved pediatric labeling.

Author(s): 
van Riet-Nales, Diana A.
Schobben, Alfred F. A. M.
Egberts, Toine C. G.
Rademaker, Carin M. A.
Publication Title: 
Veterinary Dermatology

The efficacy of pharmacological interventions used to treat canine atopic dermatitis, excluding fatty acid supplementation and allergen-specific immunotherapy, was evaluated based on the systematic review of prospective clinical trials published between 1980 and 2002.

Author(s): 
Olivry, T.
Mueller, R. S.
International Task Force on Canine Atopic Dermatitis
Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), of which there are over 100 types, which probably infects the skin via areas of minimal trauma. Risk factors include use of communal showers, occupational handling of meat, and immunosuppression. In immunocompetent people, warts are harmless and resolve as a result of natural immunity within months or years. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical question: What are the effects of treatments for warts (non-genital)?

Author(s): 
Loo, Steven King-Fan
Tang, William Yuk-Ming
Publication Title: 
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV

Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is normally treated with topical corticosteroids and antifungals. Oral therapies can be prescribed in severe or unresponsive cases. This review aims to assess the quantity and quality of published reports on oral therapies for SD. MEDLINE and Embase databases and the reference listings of publications were searched for any publication using oral treatment for SD. The quality of the included publications was assessed using a modified 27 item checklist by Downs and Black.

Author(s): 
Gupta, A. K.
Richardson, M.
Paquet, M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Medicinal plant products are used orally for treating osteoarthritis. Although their mechanisms of action have not yet been elucidated in full detail, interactions with common inflammatory mediators provide a rationale for using them to treat osteoarthritic complaints. OBJECTIVES: To update a previous Cochrane review to assess the benefits and harms of oral medicinal plant products in treating osteoarthritis.

Author(s): 
Cameron, Melainie
Chrubasik, Sigrun

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Administration, Oral