Animals

Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Author(s): 
Longhurst, John C.
Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To investigate the acupuncture-modulated gastric motility and its underlying neural mechanism. METHODS: Intragastric pressure and/or waves of gastric contraction in rats were recorded by intrapyloric balloon and changes of gastric motility induced by acupuncture stimulation were compared with the background activity before any stimulation. Gastro-vagal or splanchnic-sympathetic nerves were recorded or cut respectively for investigating the involvement of autonomic nerve pathways. Spinalization experiment was also performed.

Author(s): 
Li, Yu-Qing
Zhu, Bing
Rong, Pei-Jing
Ben, Hui
Li, Yan-Hua
Publication Title: 
Journal of Veterinary Science

A non-ambulatory dog with tetraparesis following a pain episode that had evolved over 2 months was submitted for medical treatment and diagnosed with intervertebral disk disease at C3-C4 and dorsal extradural compression at C1-C2 and C3-C4 using myelography and computed tomography. The dog experienced ambulation recovery after 15 days of treatment with only electroacupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine, with marked improvement occurring after only 10 treatments. Six months of followup demonstrated that the dog was stable and had no recurrence of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Hayashi, Ayne Murata
Matera, Julia Maria
da Silva, Tatiana Soares
Pinto, Ana Carolina Brandao de Campos Fonseca
Cortopassi, Silvia Renata Gaido
Publication Title: 
Physiological Genomics

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may provide patients with an alternative to traditional medicine, but an assessment of its efficacy is required. One CAM method, electroacupuncture (EA) treatment, is a maneuver that utilizes stimulation of acupuncture needles with a low-frequency microcurrent. To study the effect of short-term EA, we evaluated the differential expression of genes induced by EA in mouse skeletal muscle for up to 24 h. We then used RT-PCR to confirm the expression patterns of six differentially expressed genes.

Author(s): 
Takaoka, Yutaka
Ohta, Mika
Ito, Akihiko
Takamatsu, Kunihiko
Sugano, Aki
Funakoshi, Kotaro
Takaoka, Nobuo
Sato, Nobuko
Yokozaki, Hiroshi
Arizono, Naoki
Goto, Shuji
Maeda, Eiichi
Publication Title: 
Chinese Medical Journal

BACKGROUND: Preconditioning with repeated electroacupuncture (EA) could mimic ischemic preconditioning to induce cerebral ischemic tolerance in rats. The present study was designed to investigate whether mu (micro)-, delta (delta)- or kappa (kappa)-opioid receptors are involved in the neuroprotection induced by repeated EA preconditioning.

Author(s): 
Xiong, Li-ze
Yang, Jing
Wang, Qiang
Lu, Zhi-hong
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of acupuncture at the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian on intracellular concentration of Ca2, called the 2nd messenger of gastric smooth muscles. METHODS: 45 rabbits were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: a normal saline group, a model group treated with atropine, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Yangming Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Shaoyang Meridian, an acupuncture group treated by needling the points of Foot-Taiyang Meridian, i.e. 9 rabbits in each group.

Author(s): 
Deng, Yuanjiang
Yi, Shouxiang
Lin, Yaping
Yan, Jie
Guo, Hui
Xiang, Zhiyong
Wu, Fang
Liu, Weiying
Publication Title: 
Fukushima Journal of Medical Science

The effects of acupuncture stimulation to the sacral segment on the electroencephalogram (EEG) and activity of the cholinergic neurons in the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) were examined in urethane-anesthetized rats. When EEG was small amplitude and higher frequency, the stimulation to the sacral segment induced large amplitude and slow EEG with latencies ranged from 45 sec to 12 min, and durations from 48 sec to 56 min. The stimulus induced EEG is composed of significant increase in delta power and significant decrease in theta and beta powers.

Author(s): 
Wang, Hui
Koyama, Yoshimasa
Jodo, Eiichi
Kayama, Yukihiko
Publication Title: 
Neurobiology of Disease

Spinal microglia play a key role for creating exaggerated pain following tissues inflammation or injury. Electroacupuncture (EA) can effectively control the exaggerated pain both in humans with inflammatory disease and animals with experimental inflammatory pain. However, little is known about the relationship between spinal glial activation and EA analgesia.

Author(s): 
Shan, Sun
Qi-Liang, Mao-Ying
Hong, Cao
Tingting, Li
Mei, Han
Haili, Pan
Yan-Qing, Wang
Zhi-Qi, Zhao
Yu-Qiu, Zhang
Publication Title: 
Journal of Korean Medical Science

The electrical stimulation of acupoint (ESA) releases several endogenous neuropeptides, which play important roles in management of pain and inflammation. ESA with low and high frequencies has been shown to release different neuropepides, suggesting its various therapeutic effects. Pain and edema are major problems for ankle sprain. However, there have been few reports on the effects of ESA for ankle sprain. We aimed to investigate that ESA can reduce pain and edema resulting from ankle sprain, and whether there is a difference in therapeutic effects between low and high frequency ESA.

Author(s): 
Hahm, Tae Soo
Publication Title: 
World journal of gastroenterology: WJG

AIM: To observe the effects of pre-moxibustion on apoptosis and proliferation of gastric mucosal cell in rats with stress-induced ulcer, and to analyze the relationship between those effects and the expression of heat-shock protein 70 (HSP70). METHODS: Sixty healthy Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups, namely group A, B, C and D. The animal model of stress ulcer was established by water immersion and restraint stress.

Author(s): 
Yi, Shou-Xiang
Peng, Yan
Chang, Xiao-rong
Peng, Na
Yan, Jie
Lin, Yap-Ping

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