Child Behavior

Publication Title: 
South African Medical Journal = Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde

Of all the theories purporting to uncover the roots of childhood behaviour and its extension into adult behaviour, the most cogent relates to the physical and psychological bonds of attachment between infant and mother. It is helpful to divide the human lifespan into three periods, each of which has alternating phases of attachment and detachment.

Author(s): 
Levin, S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine

Finely tuning levels of the key neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) during early life is essential for brain development and setting pathways for health and disorder across the early life span. Given the central role of 5-HT in brain development, regulation of mood, stress reactivity, and risk for psychiatric disorders, alterations in 5-HT signaling early in life have critical implications for behavior and mental health in childhood and adolescence.

Author(s): 
Oberlander, Tim F.
Publication Title: 
Australian Paediatric Journal

Non-organic failure to thrive is a clinical diagnosis which should be considered in parallel with other causes of failure to thrive in infants. It has not been resolved as to whether the condition is due to a lack of stimulation or to deprivation of calories, although both these factors, as well as a contribution from the child in some cases, are likely to be responsible. There is no typical profile of the parent whose child develops non-organic failure to thrive.

Author(s): 
Oates, R. K.
Publication Title: 
La Psychiatrie De L'enfant

In the first year certain forms of "early beginnings of the kiss" can be recognized. Quite early on in this period various buccal activities are observed in response to kisses given to him. As for those kisses given by the baby, or so perceived by the adult, an important stage begins with progressive differentiations. One of these phases corresponds, when the pleasure of feeling and using the gums and teeth is felt, to an ambivalence of these preliminary shapes of kisses such as the "bite-kiss".

Author(s): 
Casati, I.
Publication Title: 
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

This article first examines the hypothesis that the early phases of romantic love and early parental love share phenomenologically an overlapping set of mental states and behaviors. Second, the authors consider what is known of the neurobiologic substrates of these behaviors. Third, the authors evaluate the hypothesis that these highly conserved behavioral and neural systems and the genetic messages that guide their development are intimately involved in the pathogenesis of OCD.

Author(s): 
Leckman, J. F.
Mayes, L. C.
Publication Title: 
Soins. Psychiatrie

What should child psychiatry care workers do when a child spontaneously embraces or kisses them? This questioning goes far beyond the fact of kissing and raises the question of the nature of the healthcare relationship and environment. While theoretical knowledge is necessary, it is not sufficient for achieving phronesis or "practical wisdom".

Author(s): 
Rosala, Franck
Publication Title: 
Psicothema

Child rearing provides messages and rules that mediate the children's personality. These messages have a positive or negative influence on their behaviour. The objective of this empirical study was to analyse the relationship between physical and verbal aggression of sons and daughters and parenting style practiced by the father and the mother. The sample consisted of 2,788 students, aged 10 to 15 years, studying either the third cycle of Primary Education (44%) or the first cycle of Secondary Education (56%). Of them, 1,412 were boys (50.6%) and 1,375 were girls (49.3%).

Author(s): 
Tur-Porcar, Ana
Mestre, Vicenta
Samper, Paula
Malonda, Elisabeth
Publication Title: 
Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Although socioemotional competencies have been identified as key components of youths' positive development, most studies on empathy are cross-sectional, and research on the role of the family has focused almost exclusively on parental socialization. This study examined the developmental course of empathy from age 7 to 14 and the within-person associations between sibling warmth and conflict and youths' empathy. On three occasions across 2†years, mothers, fathers, and the two eldest siblings from 201 White, working- and middle-class families provided questionnaire data.

Author(s): 
Lam, Chun Bun
Solmeyer, Anna R.
McHale, Susan M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of family psychology: JFP: journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)

The authors examined 2 forms of parental psychological control and how they related to child behavior problems in 2 cultural groups. A sample of 165 Hong Kong (HK) Chinese and 96 European American (EA) parents completed measures of parental control strategies, parental rejection, and child behavior problems. The use of hostile psychological control (criticism, interference, invalidation) was more strongly associated with the use of relational induction (guilt induction, shaming, reciprocity, social comparison) among EAs compared with HK parents.

Author(s): 
Fung, Joey
Lau, Anna S.
Publication Title: 
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Children with Asperger's syndrome are often reported by their parents as having difficulties communicating affection. This study aimed to develop a valid measure of affectionate behaviour that could be used to investigate and quantify these anecdotal reports and then be used in further intervention research. Using parent and expert focus groups, three measures (Affection for Others Questionnaire, Affection for You Questionnaire and General Affection Questionnaire) were developed with reference to the existing affection literature.

Author(s): 
Sofronoff, Kate
Lee, Jessica
Sheffield, Jeanie
Attwood, Tony

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