Eighty-five patients ranging from 12 h to 7 years of age were included in this study. In the first group 35 cases received ketamine, gallamine and oxygen for surgery on the great vessels. Ketamine provided satisfactory analgesia and amnesia. Heart rate did not change significantly. Gallamine gave additional safety in the prevention of bradycardia. One hundred per cent oxygen increased oxygen saturation and made more oxygen available for the tissues. The combination secured favorable conditions even in cases of sevre right to left shunt.
The benefits of hypnotic analgesia as an adjunct to childbirth education were studied in 60 nulliparous women. Subjects were divided into high and low hypnotic susceptibility groups before receiving 6 sessions of childbirth education and skill mastery using an ischemic pain task. Half of the Ss in each group received a hypnotic induction at the beginning of each session; the remaining control Ss received relaxation and breathing exercises typically used in childbirth education. Both hypnotic Ss and highly susceptible Ss reported reduced pain.
The Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Dystonia refers to a specific clinical entity as well as movements occurring as a result of other syndromes. Dystonic movements are the most commonly misdiagnosed abnormal involuntary movements. Dystonia worsens under emotional or physical stress and with fatigue, lessens with rest, relaxation, hypnosis and sensory tricks, can have diurnal fluctuations and may disappear in sleep. Dystonia is often confused with chorea and myoclonus and considered to be voluntary, that is, psychogenic in origin, in part because of its unusual and varied clinical expression.