Mental Disorders

Publication Title: 
Issues in Mental Health Nursing

The authors explore the current state-of-the art of correctional nursing by summarizing the types of interventions employed by nurses, across studies, designed to assist this challenging group of patients. This examination of evidence-based interventions implemented and tested by correctional nurses provides a better understanding of their role and function. Correctional health is a nurse driven system, yet a minimal amount is known about the nurses who practice in these environments or about their contributions to the practice of mental health nursing in correctional environments.

Author(s): 
Maruca, Annette T.
Shelton, Deborah
Publication Title: 
Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: Mental health is an important issue in the working population. Interventions to improve mental health have included physical activity. AIMS: To review evidence for the effectiveness of workplace physical activity interventions on mental health outcomes. METHODS: A literature search was conducted for studies published between 1990 and August 2013. Inclusion criteria were physical activity trials, working populations and mental health outcomes. Study quality was assessed using the Jadad scale.

Author(s): 
Chu, A. H. Y.
Koh, D.
Moy, F. M.
Müller-Riemenschneider, F.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

OBJECTIVE: To summarise and discuss the association between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out to identify prospective or retrospective studies and interventions published up to June 2015 that reported associations between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. Electronic data bases of PubMed, ProQuest, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched.

Author(s): 
Deng, W.
Cheung, S. T.
Tsao, S. W.
Wang, X. M.
Tiwari, A. F. Y.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of physical activity on depressive symptoms (primary objective), symptoms of schizophrenia, anthropometric measures, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (secondary objectives) in people with mental illness and explore between-study heterogeneity. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were searched from earliest record to 2013.

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Tiedemann, Anne
Sherrington, Catherine
Curtis, Jackie
Ward, Philip B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive bibliometric analysis was conducted on publications for yoga therapy research in clinical populations. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched for articles in all languages published between 1967 and 2013. Databases included PubMed, PsychInfo, MEDLINE, IndMed, Indian Citation Index, Index Medicus for South-East Asia Region, Web of Knowledge, Embase, EBSCO, and Google Scholar. Nonindexed journals were searched manually. Key search words included yoga, yoga therapy, pranayama, asana. All studies met the definition of a clinical trial.

Author(s): 
Jeter, Pamela E.
Slutsky, Jeremiah
Singh, Nilkamal
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America

Complementary and integrative strategies are widely used by families with children who have mental health diagnoses. The therapies used by these children include herbs, dietary supplements, massage, acupuncture, meditation, and naturopathy. The literature on efficacy of complementary and alternative approaches is of limited value, and studies are needed to test efficacy and safety. Interpretation of complementary and integrative health care studies for symptomatic management of mental health conditions is hampered by study design and methodological limitations.

Author(s): 
Edwards, Emmeline
Mischoulon, David
Rapaport, Mark
Stussman, Barbara
Weber, Wendy
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Objectives The aim of the systematic review was to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of brief interventions targeting mental health and well-being in organizational settings and compare their effects with corresponding interventions of common (ie, longer) duration. Methods An extensive systematic search was conducted using the Medline and PsycINFO databases for the period of 2000-2016. Randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and quasi-experimental studies evaluating primary or secondary brief interventions carried out in the workplace settings were included.

Author(s): 
Ivandic, Ivana
Freeman, Aislinne
Birner, Ulrich
Nowak, Dennis
Sabariego, Carla
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVES: Vipassana meditation (VM) is one of the most ancient and diffused types of meditative practices belonging to the pole of mindfulness. Despite the growing interest toward the neurobiological and clinical correlates of many meditative practices, no review has specifically focused on current evidence on neuro-imaging and clinical evidence about VM. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken using MEDLINE,((R)) ISI web of knowledge, the Cochrane database, and references of retrieved articles.

Author(s): 
Chiesa, Alberto
Publication Title: 
Fortschritte Der Neurologie-Psychiatrie

During the last two decades a number of psychotherapies have been developed which are summarised as the third wave of cognitive behavioural therapies. Among these are dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), schema therapy, cognitive behavioural analysis system of psychotherapy (CBASP), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), and metacognitive therapy (MCT). The purpose of this article is to describe the basic concepts of these treatments and to summarise available studies concerning their efficacy.

Author(s): 
Kahl, K. G.
Winter, L.
Schweiger, U.
Sipos, V.

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