Pregnancy

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is one of series of reviews of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. Homoeopathy involves the use, in dilution, of substances which cause symptoms in their undiluted form. A type of herb, 'caulophyllum' is one type of homoeopathic therapy that has been used to induce labour. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of homoeopathy for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is one of series of reviews of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. Homoeopathy involves the use, in dilution, of substances which cause symptoms in their undiluted form. A type of herb, 'caulophyllum' is one type of homoeopathic therapy that has been used to induce labour. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of homoeopathy for third trimester cervical ripening or induction of labour. SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group Trials Register (13 May 2003), and bibliographies of relevant papers.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes at term is managed expectantly or by elective birth, but it is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with term prelabour rupture of membranes on fetal, infant and maternal wellbeing.

Author(s): 
Dare, M. R.
Middleton, P.
Crowther, C. A.
Flenady, V. J.
Varatharaju, B.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There are several Cochrane systematic reviews looking at postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) prophylaxis in the third stage of labour and another Cochrane review investigating the timing of prophylactic uterotonics in the third stage of labour (i.e. before or after delivery of the placenta). There are, however, no Cochrane reviews looking at the use of interventions given purely after delivery of the placenta.

Author(s): 
Yaju, Yukari
Kataoka, Yaeko
Eto, Hiromi
Horiuchi, Shigeko
Mori, Rintaro
Publication Title: 
Curationis

BACKGROUND: Herbal and homeopathic remedies have been used to assist with child bearing and pregnancy for centuries. Allopathic ('Western') medicine is traditionally avoided during pregnancy because of limited drug trials and the suspected teratogenic effects of these medications. This has led to an increase in the use of herbal and homeopathic remedies, asthey are viewed to have no teratogenic effect on the developing foetus.

Author(s): 
Boltman-Binkowski, Haaritha
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

In a systematic review of the efficacy of interventions intended to help people stop smoking, data have been analyzed from 188 randomized controlled trials. Following personal advice and encouragement to stop smoking given by physicians during a single routine consultation, an estimated 2% (95% confidence limits, 1%, 3%; P < .001) of all smokers stopped smoking and did not relapse up to 1 year as a direct consequence of the advice. The effect is modest but cost-effective: the cost of saving a life is about $1500.

Author(s): 
Law, M.
Tang, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

The effects of acupuncture on health are generally hard to assess. Stimulation of the P6 acupuncture point is used to obtain an antiemetic effect and this provides an excellent model to study the efficacy of acupuncture. Thirty-three controlled trials have been published worldwide in which the P6 acupuncture point was stimulated for treatment of nausea and/or vomiting associated with chemotherapy, pregnancy, or surgery.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A. J.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. The use of complementary therapies is rising and some women look to complementary therapies during pregnancy and childbirth to be used alongside conventional medical practice. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very fine needles into specific points of the body. The limited observational studies to date suggest acupuncture for induction of labour appears safe, has no known teratogenic effects, and may be effective.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Crowther, C. A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than a third of women experience back pain during pregnancy. The pain can interfere with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to assess the effects of preventive interventions and treatments for pelvic and back pain in pregnancy. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (October 2001) and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2001).

Author(s): 
Young, G.
Jewell, D.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of alternative and complementary therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, C. A.
Collins, C. T.
Cyna, A. M.
Crowther, C. A.

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