Psychophysiology

Publication Title: 
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine

The placebo response represents an enigmatic element of therapeutics. The potency of placebo effects is highlighted by the fact that the current gold standard for determining therapeutic efficacy, the randomized controlled clinical trial, is based on identifying treatment responses that are statistically superior to those elicited by a placebo. Although much has been written concerning the phenomenology of placebos, little is known concerning how they are elicited, although recent research has demonstrated that placebo effects are mediated via objective physiological pathways.

Author(s): 
Kradin, Richard
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Calm, compassionate clinicians comfort others. To evaluate the direct psychophysiologic benefits of non-verbal communication of compassion (NVCC), it is important to minimize the effect of subjects' expectation. This preliminary study was designed to a) test the feasibility of two strategies for maintaining subject blinding to non-verbal communication of compassion (NVCC), and b) determine whether blinded subjects would experience psychophysiologic effects from NVCC.

Author(s): 
Kemper, Kathi J.
Shaltout, Hossam A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

This review article extends previous scientific definitions of the biofield (endogenous energy fields of the body) to include nonclassical and quantum energy fields. The biofield is defined further in terms of its functional property to act as a resonance target for external forms of energy used as treatment modalities in energy medicine.

Author(s): 
Rein, Glen
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

BACKGROUND: Energy medicine (EM) practitioners often claim to be able to perceive an energetic field associated with the body and to be able to use this skill to diagnose illness and guide treatment strategies. If a biofield associated with cells growing in culture is perceptible to EM practitioners, such an in vitro model would be a useful resource for investigating biofield perception that would provide some unique advantages over clinical models. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether EM practitioners can perceive the presence of cultured human cells without visual cues.

Author(s): 
Yount, Garret
Smith, Sallie
Avanozian, Veronica
West, Jeremy
Moore, Dan
Freinkel, Andrew
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychosomatics: Official Publication of the International Psychosomatics Institute

The effect of non-contact therapeutic touch (NCTT) in isolation and in combination with Reiki, LeShan, and Intercessory Prayer on the healing rate of full thickness human dermal wounds was examined utilizing a randomized, double-blind, within subject, crossover design. The protocol incorporated an integral biofeedback, guided imagery, and visualization/relaxation component in order to assess the influence of psychophysiological factors on the healing process.

Author(s): 
Wirth, D. P.
Barrett, M. J.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychosomatics: Official Publication of the International Psychosomatics Institute

This study was a replication and extension of previous research which indicated that Non-Contact Therapeutic Touch had a significant effect in normalizing the activity of the "end organ" for the central nervous system (CNS). The study utilized a randomized double-blind within subject crossover methodological design to examine the effect of nontraditional distant prayer upon autonomic and CNS parameters.

Author(s): 
Wirth, D. P.
Cram, J. R.
Publication Title: 
The Canadian Nurse

In a world of expensive treatments and high technology, human touch is a valuable therapeutic intervention with dramatic implications. In 1972, Dr. Dolores Krieger and Dora Kunz, both RNs, began developing therapeutic touch as a healing modality specifically designed for health professionals. Since that time, interest has grown so much that therapeutic touch is now taught in more than 80 colleges and universities in the United States and in more than 70 foreign countries, especially in schools of nursing.

Author(s): 
Bronstein, M.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Many relaxation, meditation, and imagery techniques that implicitly or explicitly involve focused attention on the body, including qigong, massage, and noncontact therapeutic touch, purportedly employ energetic and physiological mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To show that, from a perspective of dynamical energy systems, relaxed self-attention enhances connectivity between the brain and body.

Author(s): 
Song, L. Z.
Schwartz, G. E.
Russek, L. G.

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