Sex Factors

Publication Title: 
Journal of Human Hypertension

Some evidence from previous randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews has demonstrated a positive association between hypertension and transcendental meditation (TM). However, other trials and reviews showed the effect of TM on blood pressure (BP) was unclear but did not use subgroup analysis to rigorously investigate this relationship. The American Heart Association has stated that TM is potentially beneficial but did not give a standard indication. The present study explored several subgroup analyses in systematic reviews to investigate the effect of TM on BP.

Author(s): 
Bai, Z.
Chang, J.
Chen, C.
Li, P.
Yang, K.
Chi, I.
Publication Title: 
Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association

PURPOSE: Gross hip instability is a rare complication after hip arthroscopy, and there is limited literature surrounding this topic. This systematic review investigates cases of gross hip instability after arthroscopy and discusses the risk factors associated with this complication. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in duplicate for studies investigating gross hip instability after hip arthroscopy up to October 2015.

Author(s): 
Yeung, Marco
Memon, Muzammil
Simunovic, Nicole
Belzile, Etienne
Philippon, Marc J.
Ayeni, Olufemi R.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

In an earlier meta-analysis of 12 studies using hypnosis-based treatments for smoking cessation, we provided preliminary evidence that males fare better than females when trying to quit smoking (Green, Lynn, & Montgomery, 2006). By excluding studies that reported no gender differences, but failed to report final outcome-statistics-by-gender, our previous conclusion may have overestimated the role of gender in hypnosis-based smoking cessation treatment.

Author(s): 
Green, Joseph P.
Lynn, Steven Jay
Montgomery, Guy H.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the preferred methods to quit smoking among current smokers. METHOD: Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Lausanne between 2003 and 2006 including 988 current smokers. Preference was assessed by questionnaire. Evidence-based (EB) methods were nicotine replacement, bupropion, physician or group consultations; non-EB-based methods were acupuncture, hypnosis and autogenic training.

Author(s): 
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Melich-Cerveira, João
Paccaud, Fred
Waeber, Gérard
Vollenweider, Peter
Cornuz, Jacques
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

CONTEXT: Although acupuncture and homeopathy both have a theoretical background that refers to immaterial forces difficult to verify, they are nevertheless used and accepted as effective treatments by many individuals. OBJECTIVE: We intended to investigate whether and how users of acupuncture and homeopathy differ with respect to sociodemographic data, adaptive coping strategies, and attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).

Author(s): 
Büssing, Arndt
Ostermann, Thomas
Raak, Christa
Matthiessen, Peter F.
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

BACKGROUND: Homeopathy use continues to grow in many European countries, and some studies have examined the characteristics of patients using homeopathy within the general population. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for homeopathy use among internal medicine patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among all patients being referred to the Department of Internal and Integrative Medicine at Essen, Germany, over a 3-year period.

Author(s): 
Steel, Amie
Cramer, Holger
Leung, Brenda
Lauche, Romy
Adams, Jon
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: This article is a critical review of the efficacy of selected alternative treatments for unipolar depression including exercise, stress management techniques, acupuncture, St. John's wort, bright light, and sleep deprivation. Issues related to women across the life span, including pregnancy and lactation, are highlighted. DATA SOURCES: Evidence of efficacy is based on randomized controlled trials. A distinction is made between studies that address depressive symptoms and studies that address depressive disorders.

Author(s): 
Manber, Rachel
Allen, John J. B.
Morris, Margaret E.
Morris, Margaret M.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To assess the preferred methods to quit smoking among current smokers. METHOD: Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Lausanne between 2003 and 2006 including 988 current smokers. Preference was assessed by questionnaire. Evidence-based (EB) methods were nicotine replacement, bupropion, physician or group consultations; non-EB-based methods were acupuncture, hypnosis and autogenic training.

Author(s): 
Marques-Vidal, Pedro
Melich-Cerveira, João
Paccaud, Fred
Waeber, Gérard
Vollenweider, Peter
Cornuz, Jacques
Publication Title: 
Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The prevention and control of HCV infection is complex and challenging in terms of describing risk factors and modes of transmission. This meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the best available data on HCV risk factors worldwide and in Egypt. METHODS: Through exhaustive literature searches (1989-2013) of HCV risk factors, 357 original eligible articles were included in this study.

Author(s): 
El-Ghitany, Engy Mohamed
Abdel Wahab, Moataza M.
Abd El-Wahab, Ekram W.
Hassouna, Safaa
Farghaly, Azza G.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Many animal experimental studies have been performed to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture in Parkinson's disease (PD). Sex differences are a major issue in all diseases including PD. However, to our knowledge, there have been no reviews investigating sex differences on the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for animal PD models. The current study aimed to summarize and analyze past studies in order to evaluate these possible differences.

Author(s): 
Lee, Sook-Hyun
van den Noort, Maurits
Bosch, Peggy
Lim, Sabina

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