To explore the hypothesis that gammadelta T cells may regulate activated alphabeta T cells, we studied gammadelta T cell responses to alphabeta T cell clones in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients who received attenuated autologous autoreactive T cells. We recently conducted a pilot study of T cell vaccination with myelin basic protein reactive T cells in MS. Since T cell vaccination upregulates the anti-vaccine T cell responses, we evaluated gammadelta T cell reactivity towards the vaccine in the vaccinated patients.
OBJECTIVE: Food intake, aging, and immune function share complex influences. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine relationships between nutrient intakes from food and dietary supplements and a biomarker of immune function. DESIGN: Data were collected from participants in a cross-sectional study as well as baseline data from a longitudinal study (n=89). Subjects completed 24-hour food recalls, including supplement intake. Polyclonal mitogen phytohemmagluttin (PHA) was the immune function stimulator used. Height and weight were used to calculate body mass index.
Iron-deficiency anemia impaired the blastogenic response of splenic lymphocytes and partially purified T cells to Concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin. The response of splenic lymphocytes and partially B cells to bacterial lipopolysaccharide was also significantly impaired. Caloric restriction in pair-fed mice did not have any significant effect. Blastogenic response to the three mitogens was restored to normal after anemic mice were fed the regular diet containing 25 to 30 mg Fe/kg (FeSO4) for approximately 10 days.